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Flashcards in hardware Deck (99):
1

5 parts of a processor

alu, control unit, registers, i/o unit, internal data bus

2

what is d-shell connector

more pins on top than below

3

operating system

initiates software and hardware integration

4

wireless connectivity for input devices

infrared, radio, bluetooth

5

what is an ethernet port connected to

NIC- network interface card

6

hard drive

holds data

7

two big cpu manufacturers 6 lessers

1. intel, amd 2. motorola, via, samsung, nvidia, apple

8

easy keyboard troubleshooting

press num or caps lock. switch applications

9

1394a specifics

100, 200, 400 3 pin nonpowered 15ft and 60 ft

10

how is data moved around from processer to externals?

external data bus or internal data bus

11

Thunderbolt ( incude 2 port types) Transfer speeds? A,D,B? Cable length? Has Audio?

v2 20GB v3 30GB Digital 10GB @200' yes audio 9.8' passive copper

12

what does cpu do

executes instructions, performs calculations, and coordinates input/output operations

13

motherboard

main circuit board, keyboard and mouse may have direct connection

14

processor 2 names

cpu- central processing unit microprocessor

15

bios

basic input output system, determines what hardware can interact

16

Amounts 1byte 1KB 1MB 1GB 1TB

8 bit, 1024 1048576 1bill 1 trill

17

esata speed, pins, feet

7pin, 600 mb, 6.6 ft

18

BNC- stands for (not important)and describes

Bayonet neil concelman coaxial, digital networks

19

sata and esata stands for

external serial advanced technology attatchment

20

power supply does what?

converts ac to dc

21

DisplayPort

Digital 25.92 Gb/S yes audio 9.8' passive, 108' active

22

Purpose of sound car

converts digital signals to sound, vise versa

23

what is a keyed port

can only be inserted one way

24

overview firewire 1394 speeds, pins

100, 200, 400, 800, 1200, 1600 4, 6 ,9

25

what is esatap port?

esata with usb, able to provide power

26

USB stands for, max devices

universal serial bus 127

27

DPI of optical mouse

500-3500

28

define adapter, another name for it

electronic circuits plugged into expansion slot. also called controller card

29

describe s-video

gap at top 2 sets of round holes 1 insert hole

30

DVI 3 types 2 link types

digital visual interface -3 square rows single link vs dual link DVID-digital DVII-both DVIA-analog

31

different usb speeds how many wires

1.5, 12 mb 4 480 mb 4 5gb 10gb 9

32

define port

allows devices to connect

33

How does optical mouse detect movement?

LED

34

optical drive

uses cd's

35

internal hard drive failure can be booted and troubleshooted by connecting what?

an external esata drive

36

describe VGA port: define, is it analog digital or both

Video graphics array

analog

 

37

what does volatile mean

data loss with power loss

38

firewire 1394 specifics

100, 200, 400 mb/s one transmition at a time 6 pin 15ft and 60ft

39

parts of an ethernet cord, whats it called

rj-45 8 conductors

40

what does memory(ram) contain?

applications, OS, documents its volatile

41

color of mouse port vs keyboard

green then purple

42

1394b

3200 mb 9pin, cat5e unshielded 15ft and 330 ft

43

certified-w

wireless 480 @ 10ft 110 @ 30ft

44

ALU stands for

arithmetic logic unit

45

define software

programs interact with hardware

46

nfc stands for

nearfield communication device

47

input device

produce data

48

describe male vs female port

prongs vs holes

49

processor speed is measured in

hertz

50

device driver

software enabling hardware interaction

51

VGA Transfer speeds? A,D,B? Cable length? Has Audio?

analog

52

what devices use sata

storage devices, hard drive, optical

53

what is thunderbolt port used for

video audio data

54

Define hardware

physical computer parts

55

What is a bit and how does it turn on/off

1 or 0. measured by voltage level

56

HDMI stands for

high definition multimedia interface

57

meaning of DPI

dots per inch.

58

uses for display port

visual and audio

59

1394c

800mb 15ft and 330ft

60

firmware

hardware comes with software on it

61

HDCP stands for

high-bandwidth digital content protection

62

HDMI Transfer speeds? A,D,B? Cable length? Has Audio?

Digital 18GB/S yes audio 16' standard, 49' high speed

63

modem port and pin #

RJ-11 9 pin

64

output device

accepts data

65

common apple ieee port number and name

1394 aka firewire

66

firewire two modes- what are they used for

asynchronous-ensures data reliability isochronous- ensures bandwith, no error correction

67

what is USB header

pins on motherboard

68

kvm switch

keyboard video mouse switch.

69

DVI Transfer speeds? A,D,B? Cable length? Has Audio?

Both 7.92 no audio 15' for 1280*1024

70

intel 8088 vs today

4.77mhz vs 5ghz 16bit vs 64/128 bit

71

drm stands for

digital rights management

72

i/o device

can produce or accept data

73

FSB stands for

Front side bus

74

FSB

75

pci stands for

peripheral cmponent interconnect

76

pci speeds and bandwidth

pcie v2 v3 v4 speeds

33 and 66 mgh/z

bandwidth is 533 mb/s

2=50mb to 8gb

3=985mb to 15.75gb

4=1969 mb to 31.51 gb

77

agp stands for

accelerated graphics port

78

cpu throttling is what

reducing clock frequenc to reduce power and heat, typical in mobile devices

79

high speed memory storage in processor is known as

register

80

define cash memory

fastest access memory increasing processor speeds unless located in the motherboard ram or hard drive

81

what are 5 parts of data access hierarchy

Register

L1 in processor

L2 in processor

L3 on CPU housing

ram- on motherboard

disk storage- in hard drive

82

define clock cycle

transfer of 1 and 0 to and from processor

83

define thread

handling a set of instructions either by one processor or multiple threads

84

DIB stands for? define?

dual independant bus. fsb connects cpu to motherboard, bsb cpu to L2 cache

85

Hyper-Transport-define, and by who

AMD's Direct Connect allows each of the processor cores to connect directly to memory eliminating FSB

86

Multi-core processors; define

Having multiple cores on the same unit instead of seperate

87

AMD and Intel integrated GPU's are called

apu accelerated processing unit.

intel hd/iris graphics

88

Define virtualization and list 4

one computer to act as if it were two or more computers, VMware Workstation, Oracle VM VirtualBox, or Microsoft Hyper-V

89

Define Hyper-V

Letting an application work in a virtual environment for compatibility

90

name intel processors and how many cores they have.

i7, i5, i3, pentium, celeron, atom

91

what is core I7 used for, how many cores

multi-core. good for virtualization, graphic design, gaming

92

what is core I5 used for, how many cores

dual and quad processor. Used in photo, video, email internet

93

what is core I3 used for

word processing, internet access

94

what is core Pentium used for, how many cores

Single or dual core for general computing laptop or computer

95

what is core atom used for

mobile internet device processor

96

what is core celeron used for

mobile device general computer

97

cpu sockets( 6)

Pin grid array(pga)

staggered pga

plastic pga

micro oga

flip chip ball GA

land GA

98

second name for processor sockets

zero insertion force sockets

99