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1

According to Freud, conscience begins forming by age:

A. 2-3 years
B. 4-5 years
C. 6-7 years
D. 8-9 years

B

The superego, which is essentially one’s conscience, begins forming at 4-5 years of age

2

The key tasks for this stage of Freud are coping with Oedipal complex and identifying with the adult role model.

A. Anal
B. Phallic
C. Oral
D. Latency

B

3

Last stage of Erik Erikson’s Theory of Personality Development

— Ego Integrity vs. Despair

4

Object constancy according to Mahler happens in what age?

A. 5-10 months
B. 10-16 months
C. 16-24 months
D. 24-36 months

D

There are 4 sub-stages under Separation-Individuation:

- Differentiation (5-10 months)
- Practicing (10-16 months)
- Rapprochement (16-24 months)
- Libidinal Object Constancy (2nd to 3rd year of life)

5

A one-year old child does not lose sight of his mother, follows her with his eyes and shows distress when his mother is not around. This stage according to Mahler is

A. Differentiation
B. Practicing
C. Rapprochement
D. Object Constancy

B

6

What is the next stage after protest in stages of separation anxiety according to Bowlby?

A. Detachment
B. Despair
C. Acceptance

B

Separation Anxiety has three stages (in order): (1) protest, (2) despair and (3) detachment.

7

According to Piaget, understanding of object permanence occurs at this stage.

A. Sensorimotor
B. Pre-Operational
C. Concrete Operational
D. Formal Operational.

A

The sensorimotor period culminates in the emergence of symbolic representation. Object permanence is also understood.

8

This stage is characterized by the capacity for abstract thinking?

A. Sensorimotor
B. Pre-Operational
C. Concrete Operational
D. Formal Operational

D

Formal operational thought is characterized by the ability to do abstract thinking and hypothetical-deductive reasoning.

9

The stage in which the child views rules as fixed and absolute.

A. Interpersonal Concordance Orientation
B. Obedience and punishment
C. Maintaining social order

B

Interpersonal Concordance Orientation: The emphasis is conformity and living up to social expectations and roles (“good boy-good girl” orientation).

Maintaining Social Order: The focus is on maintaining law and order by following the rules, doing one’s duty and respecting authority

10

At this stage, people begin to account for the differing values, opinions, and beliefs of other people

A. Individualism and Exchange
B. Interpersonal Concordance Orientation
C. Maintaining Social Order
D. Social Contract and Individual Rights

D

Individualism and Exchange: Children account for individual points of view and judge actions based on how they serve individual needs.

11

Albert Bandura's theory stated that

A. Humans move towards fulfillment of their potential.
B. People learn by observing other people.
C. Behavior modification techniques shape consequences.
D. Children actively construct knowledge.

B

12

In the Separation-Individuation Phase by Mahler, separation refers to:

A. Development of limits and differentiation in the infant’s mind
B. Development of anxiety
C. Development of attachment
D. Development of self

A

13

The individuation part of the theory of Mahler refers to:

A. Development of ego, sense of identity, and cognitive ability
B. Development of conscience
C. Development of attachment
D. Development of protest

A

14

The definition of normality that emphasizes it as a temporal rather than a cross-sectional concept

A. Normality as health
B. Normality as utopia
C. Normality as average
D. Normality as process

D

15

The definition of normality used during normative paper and pencil exam

A. Normality as health
B. Normality as utopia
C. Normality as average
D. Normality as process

C

16

What year was Homosexuality not considered a disease?

A. 1971
B. 1972
C. 1973
D. 1974

C

17

Karl Menninger states that:

A. Normality is characterized by strength of character, capacity to deal with conflicting emotions, the ability to experience pleasure without guilt, and the ability to love.
B. Normality is the ability to achieve insight into one’s self.
C. Normality is the ability to adjust to the external world with contentment and to master the task of acculturation.
D. Normality is the ability to master the periods in life.

C

18

Melanie Klein define normality as

A. Behavior dictated by society
B. What people do and don’t do
C. Characterized by strength of character, the capacity to deal with conflicting emotions, the ability to experience pleasure without conflict, and the ability to love
D. Adjusting to changing environment

C

19

The process of sex education occurs in 3 steps

A. Internalization, Desensitization, Resensitization
B. Desensitization, Internalization, Resensitization
C. Desensitization, Resensitization, Internalization
D. NOTA

C

20

Which is false about Greek life in terms of sexual health?

A. Practiced homosexuality
B. Pederasty as normal
C. Terminated homosexual practices once beard grows and secondary sex characteristics appear
D. Phallocentrism

D

21

Sexual development

A. Sexual explanation and learning is likely to involve persons of the same gender.
B. Beings at birth and continues until death and consists of biological, behavioral and socio-cultural processes
C. Developmental tasks involve resolving conflict between identity and role confusion and managing physical and emotional intimacy.
D. A sense of one’s self, including maleness and femaleness
E. The ability and need to experience emotional closeness to another person and to have it returned

B

22

Intimacy

A. Sexual explanation and learning is likely to involve persons of the same gender.
B. Beings at birth and continues until death and consists of biological, behavioral and socio-cultural processes
C. Developmental tasks involve resolving conflict between identity and role confusion and managing physical and emotional intimacy.
D. A sense of one’s self, including maleness and femaleness
E. The ability and need to experience emotional closeness to another person and to have it returned

E

23

Sexual identity

A. Sexual explanation and learning is likely to involve persons of the same gender.
B. Beings at birth and continues until death and consists of biological, behavioral and socio-cultural processes
C. Developmental tasks involve resolving conflict between identity and role confusion and managing physical and emotional intimacy.
D. A sense of one’s self, including maleness and femaleness
E. The ability and need to experience emotional closeness to another person and to have it returned

D

24

Adolescence

A. Sexual explanation and learning is likely to involve persons of the same gender.
B. Beings at birth and continues until death and consists of biological, behavioral and socio-cultural processes
C. Developmental tasks involve resolving conflict between identity and role confusion and managing physical and emotional intimacy.
D. A sense of one’s self, including maleness and femaleness
E. The ability and need to experience emotional closeness to another person and to have it returned

C

25

Preadolescence

A. Sexual explanation and learning is likely to involve persons of the same gender.
B. Beings at birth and continues until death and consists of biological, behavioral and socio-cultural processes
C. Developmental tasks involve resolving conflict between identity and role confusion and managing physical and emotional intimacy.
D. A sense of one’s self, including maleness and femaleness
E. The ability and need to experience emotional closeness to another person and to have it returned

A

26

[T/F] Sexual response begins from birth

T

27

[T/F] Children are socialized according to the gender role norm of society

T

28

Which of the ff. is true about confidentiality when dealing with children and adolescents?

A. As with adults, confidentiality is absolute and must be observed at all times.
B. The extent of confidentiality is correlated with the age of the child.
C. Preschool children are informed that if the clinician thinks that they are dangerous to themselves and others, the parents will be informed.
D. Adolescents may be assured that confidentiality requires that their permission be requested and that confidentiality will not be sacrificed.

C

29

True about the child psychiatric clinical assessment:

A. Children are excellent sources of externalizing symptoms.
B. Persistent theme’s in the child’s play and fantasy reflects on the child’s mood.
C. One should interview the parents before the adolescent.
D. It is all right if the patient is not given any treatment after this assessment.

B

30

The goal of the diagnostic assessment of the child is

A. To assess the IQ of the child
B. To be able to construct a genogram of the child’s family
C. To identify the child’s capabilities, interest, and talents
D. To determine psychopathology

C

31

John is hyperactive and involved in frequent fights. Who is the best source for interview?

A. John
B. Classmates
C. Parents and teachers
D. All of the above

D

32

Among the following, which testing procedures is/are optional when performing the psychiatric assessment of children and adolescents?

A. Clinical Interview
B. Educational Testing
C. Mental Status Exam
D. All of the Above

B

Additional tests for psychiatric assessment include developmental testing, psychological testing, educational testing, pediatric consultation and speech and language evaluation.

33

Which of the following items in the Mental Status Examination is being assessed when asking, “What day is today?”

A. Insight
B. Thought Process
C. Judgment
D. Orientation

D

Insight: degree of awareness and understanding about being ill

Thought Process and Content: illusions, hallucinations and delusions

Judgment: ability of the patient to predict what he/she will do in imaginary situations

Orientation: to place, person and time

34

Which of the following in the Mental Status Exam is assessed in children but not in adults?

A. Ease of separation
B. Mood and affect
C. Attitude
D. Behavior

A

35

When a patient consults a doctor…

A. Anxiety is the emotional force which drives him to consult.
B. It is because of his desire for knowledge.
C. He wants to know more about his illness.

A

Patients consult not because they are sick, but because they are anxious about their sickness; sometimes the doctor is the source of anxiety.

36

The doctor’s ultimate role is

A. To get the correct diagnosis
B. To prescribe the right medications
C. To skillfully perform the correct medical procedure
D. To change patient behavior

D

37

Which of the following is correct in the “Newly Married Couple” stage?

A. Media affects our culture so expectations of husband and wife of each other is based more on societal influence than on past upbringing.
B. Have a friend that will be of help later in the marriage and treat him/her like you treat spouse.
C. Loyalty to parents must give way and be second to loyalty to spouse.
D. Rules should be 50-50. Half from the husband and half from the wife.

C

Personal ideas, expectation and values are shaped by relationships and experiences with the original family.

The main issue in this stage is loyalty, primarily to one’s spouse.

In the most functional marriages, partners have the ability to take two different points of view and create a third option neither individual has considered. This is not compromising, but collaboration

38

In the setting “Family with Young Children”:

A. Conflicts can arise because of the different styles of upbringing of both parents.
B. Grandparents are more emotionally mature therefore parents must turn to them for advice.
C. The family is more focused on outgoing into the society.

A

The parents become decision makers for the family, not the grandparents and while it is tempting to let the grandparents rear one’s children, it may not be such a good idea as children may come home as “different creatures”.

The stage where most marital breakups occur due to the burden of child care/rearing surfaces (usually towards the female; males usually still more focused outside the family compared to the female). The key emotional process is adapting children into the marriage.

39

Correct characteristic of “The Family Later in Life” stage:

A. Stable families are the ones whose grandparents are the most dominant figures.
B. A time for peace or despair upon reflection of one’s life cycle.
C. The grandchildren are the dominant figures at this stage.
D. The younger generation should do everything for their grandparents to make them feel loved.

B

The children, not the grandchildren, are more dominant in this stage.
The parents do not want to be assisted; being assisted in self-tasks may be humiliating inside

40

Which of the following is a secondary change?

A. Graduating from grade school to high school
B. Moving out and taking your 1st job
C. Tallying your family’s expenses
D. Cooking your family dinner as well as breakfast

B

Second order changes require a change in role, involving transformation of an individual’s status and meaning. These usually occur between stages. First order changes, in contrary, refer only to changes that entail change in the degree of skill or knowledge.

41

Lance is a 21-year old engineer, who was forced by his father to become one. He is now resenting his father for this and feels very sad. What is lance experiencing?

A. Differentiation
B. Effect in self worth
C. Maturity
D. Filial Piety

A

42

Kimmy’s grades are failing because of her activeness in her sorority. She has a boyfriend even though her parents advise against it and it seems that she does the opposite of what her parents tell her.

A. Struggling to find identity
B. Differentiation
C. Problem with conduct behavior
D. Not able to build adult-to-adult relationship with parents

D

43

Growth is

A. Increase in muscle mass
B. Appearance of pubic hair
C. Appearance of stranger anxiety
D. Being able to play in a group
E. None of the above

A

44

Growth proceeds…

A. Sequentially
B. Specific to general
C. Small to big
D. Head to toe

D

Growth and development proceed in regular related directions: cephalocaudal (head down to toes), proximodistal (center of the body to the peripheral) and from general to specific.

45

The time period in which the presence of the mother is most psychologically important for the infant

A. 2 weeks
B. 1 month
C. 2 months
D. 8 months

D

46

When a 7-yr old boy refuses to do something since his father told him "not to do so", what stage of moral reasoning is exhibited?

A. Obedience and punishment
B. Individualism and exchange
C. Interpersonal concordance
D. Maintaining social order

A

In the Obedience and Punishment stage of moral development, children see rules as fixed and absolute and they obey because the adults say so.

47

A detailed account of a patient’s pre-existing and underlying psychology and biological substrates are given in this point of the psychiatric history.

A. Past Illnesses
B. Fantasies and dreams
C. Family History
D. History of Present Illness

A

48

Which question falls under “Current Living Condition”?

A. How is privacy dealt with at home?
B. Does the illness affect the lifestyle activities of the patient?
C. Who among the family members can the patient relate to the most?
D. Is the patient in a long-term relationship?

B

49

This part of the psychiatric history is most helpful in making a diagnosis.

— History of Present Illness

50

A 25 year old male patient tells a male interviewer “You are gay and i am wasting my time talking to you”. The patient tells of long-lasting and satisfying heterosexual relationships. The interviewer’s best response is:

A. “You are angry at gays because you are gay.”
B. “Can you tell me more about these feelings?”
C. “You are frightening me.”
D. “I can’t be your doctor because you are judging me.”

B

51

True regarding information obtained from a psychiatric interview:

A. It is complex and multifaceted.
B. It depends on the personality of the doctor and the patient.
C. It depends on the circumstances of the interview.
D. All of the above

D

52

Which is false about the Oedipal complex?

A. Results in the formation of superego
B. Results in the formation of gender roles
C. Usually occurs between child and parent of the same gender
D. Does not need to be referred to a psychiatrist

C

53

It is the stage of remarkable physical, cognitive, social and moral growth

A. Birth to 18 months
B. 2 to 3 years
C. 3 to 5 years
D. 6 to 11 years

D

Although it is referred to as the “latency” stage by Piaget, school age (6-11 years) is actually the period of remarkable physical cognitive, social and moral growth.

54

Which is not correctly paired based on the stages of life cycle?

A. Birth to 18 months: trust vs. mistrust
B. 6-11 years old: initiative vs. guilt
C. 1.5-3 years old: autonomy vs. shame
D. 12-21 years old: identity vs. role confusion

B

School age (6-11 years old): industry vs. inferiority

55

At this stage, there is a need to look back at life and feel a sense of fulfillment.

A. Generativity vs. stagnation
B. Integrity vs. despair
C. Initiative vs. guilt
D. Identity vs. role confusion

B

Generativity vs. stagnation: Giving oneself to others, forming bearing and raising children, doing community service, giving back to the world and ensuring the success of future generations

Initiative vs. guilt: The child should be able to achieve being able to plan and carry out his actions as an autonomous and independent person.

Identity vs. role confusion: Clear, multifaceted sense of self and a unique personal identity

56

[T/F] One of the primary issues in adolescence is finding and resolving one’s identity

T

57

[T/F] Self-control and affect regulation are already relatively mature in adolescents

F

58

[T/F One of the primary issues of old age (65 and older) is to generate things to nurture and care for future generations.

F

59

If we are born into a particular society or group, we acquire particular ways of doing things in a process known as

enculturation

60

119. Broad, general patterns or guidelines for living often taken for granted as normal

A. Political economy
B. Macro patterns
C. Cultural themes
D. Adaptive processes

C

61

__________ allow us to behave, see the world, and react to it emotionally.

A. Political economy
B. Micro patterns
C. Cultural scripts
D. Maladaptive processes

C

62

Statuses are:

A. Expectations set by society
B. Places within a social network
C. NOTA

B

Expectations set by society = roles

63

Cultural scripts are…

A. Absolute and not subject to change
B. Flexible and subject to varying interpretation
C. Outside scope of culture
D. Irrelevant to daily life

B

64

The structure of a polygynous family:

A. One husband, several wives
B. One husband, one wife
C. One husband, no wife
D. One wife, several husbands

A

65

Kinship refers to…

A. Conflicts people have with each other through blood, marriage, adoption or ritual
B. Roles people play in the society in their everyday lives
C. Status people occupy in the society in their everyday lives
D. Relationships people have with each other through blood, marriage, adoption or ritual

D

66

Blowing off steam to relieve stress and tension

A. Controlled normal
B. Controlled abnormal
C. Uncontrolled normal
D. Uncontrolled abnormal

B

67

The ways in which roles and statuses are played out according to one's sex and gender.

A. Sexual roles
B. Sexual statuses
C. Sexual scripts
D. Sexual needs

C

68

Gender is defined as:

A. Biological dichotomy
B. The act of sex
C. Roles, scripts and status pertaining to one’s sexual identity
D. NOTA

C