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Flashcards in Health Deck (27):
1

Health definition

A state of mental, physical and social well-being with the absence of disease or infirmity

2

What a Balanced diet comprises of:

Fruit and vegetables
Carbohydrates
Protein
Dairy
Fats
water

3

Diet definition

It is what you eat on a day to day basis

4

Balanced diet definition

It means eating the correct amounts of food that enable us to exercise properly

5

Calories definition

Units of energy that we eat

100 calories means it is providing the body with 100kj of energy

6

Carbo loading definition

Stopping training then eating a lot of carbohydrates before an event

It increases glycogen levels to the working muscles

7

Blood shunting definition

The process of the body moving blood, which contains oxygen to where is needed most

8

Fitness definition

The ability to meet the demands of the environment

9

What are the six components of skill related fitness

Speed
Balance
Agility
Power
Reaction time
Co - ordination

10

What are the five components of skill related fitness?

Muscular strength
Muscular endurance
Cardiovascular endurance
Flexibility
Body composition

11

Sport participation pyramid features

*from top down to bottom*

Elite - Olympic, World Cup, international sport

Performance - local, regional clubs

Participation - sports and leisure clubs

Foundation - PE and recreational sport

12

Self esteem definition

How you see yourself and confidence in yourself

Can be increased by exercise

13

What does exercise increase to make you happy/good?

Serotonin levels

14

Aesthetic appreciation definition

Recognising the quality of a skill or movement in an activity

15

Macronutrients

Parts of a diet we need more of


Carbohydrates
Proteins
Fats

16

Micronutrients

Parts of a diet we don't need so much of, but are still important


Vitamins
Minerals

17

Optimum weight

The most efficient or the best weight for your sport

18

BMI definition and what doesn't it consider

Body mass index




It doesn't take into account the percentage of muscle or fat, only weight

19

Underweight definition

To be lighter that normal according to BMI.


Caused by energy being unbalanced and calorie intake being less than calorie expenditure

20

Overweight definition

To be heavier than normal according to BMI


Not always negative as it could mean a high level of muscle mass

21

Overfat definition

To have a higher percentage of body fat than recommended

22

How much body fat is recommend for men

19%

23

How much body fat is recommended for women

28%

24

Anorexia definition

A mental issue

To be extremely underweight

25

Obese definition

To be extreme overfat


26

Q)

Which of the following 3 body conditions are considered to be the most dangerous to our health?

Obese
Overweight
Overfat

Obese



27

Q)

Explain the term 'balanced competition'

To makes teams fair based on ability, such as strength, age, gender, weight