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Flashcards in health and human development Deck (30)
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1

physical health

relates to the functioning of the body and its systems; it includes the physical capacity to perform daily activities or tasks.

2

mental health

relates to a persons mind or brain and the ability to think and process information.

3

social health

relates to the ability to form meaningful and satisfying relationships with others and the ability to manage or adapt appropriately to different social situations

4

spiritual health

relates to ideas beliefs, values and ethics that arise in the mind and conscience of human beings

5

emotional health

the ability to recognise, understand and effectively manage and express emotions as well as the ability to display resilience.

6

infirmity

the quality or state of being weak or ill: often associated with old age

7

dynamic

constantly changing

8

wellbeing

a complex combination of all dimensions of health, characterised by an equilibrium in which the individual feels happy, healthy, capable and engaged.

9

health

a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing: it is not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.

10

burden of disease

a measure of the impact of disease and injury and is measured by DALY

11

core activités

self care, mobility, communication

12

core activity limitation

when an individual has difficulty, or requires assistance with any of the three core activities.

13

disability adjusted life years (DALY)

one DALY is equal one year of healthy lost due to premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury

14

health indicators

statistics that are used to measure and compare health status,, life expectancy, mortality rates, morbidity rates.

15

hospital separation

episodes of hospital care that start with admission and end at transfer, discharge or death

16

incidence

refers to the rate of new cases of a disease/condition in a population during a given period.

17

prevalence

the number or proportion of cases of a particular disease or condition present in a population at a given time.

18

K(10)

a rate of psychological distress based on the answers to ten questions.

19

life expectancy

an indication on how long a person can expect to live if current death rates do not change

20

morbidity

refers to ill-health in an individual and levels of ill-health within a population or group

21

mortality

the number of deaths in a population in a given period

22

psychological distress

relates to unpleasant feelings and emotions that effect an individuals level of functioning

23

years lost due to disability (YLD)

a measure of how many healthy years of life are lost due to disease, injury or disability.

24

Years of life lost (YLL)

a measure of how many years are lost due to premature death.

25

blended family

a family consisting of a couple, the children they had together and their children from previous relationships.

26

indoor air pollution

when the air inside a house or building contains pollutants

27

peer influence

the social influence a peer group exerts on its memebrs, as each attempts conform to the expectations of the group

28

social gradient of health

the higher a persons income, education or occupation level, the healthier they tend to be

29

sociocultural factors

the social and cultural conditions into which people are born, grow, live, work and age.

examples include::
socioeconomic status
family and cultural influences
food security

30

step family

a family formed after the remarriage of a divorced or widowed person that includes a child or children.