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PA40333 - Health Psychology > Health Psychology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Health Psychology Deck (9)
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1

What is Positive Psychology?

Seeking to understand and amplify strength, resilience, happiness and wellbeing

 

It isn't just about making people smile!

2

What is Learned Helplessness?

The theory that if you feel that you can't stop things from happening, hen you simply give up trying!

 

They took dogs and had one side of the room (with an electrical floor) seperated by a jump

Dogs that learnt to jump when shocked did this naturally, however dogs that didn't figure this out just accepted it and sat there

 

This is reversible!! --> By pushing the dogs over the ramp and showing them that it isn't hopeless, they started jumping over themselves

3

What can prevent learned helplessness?

Those with early experience with personal mastery

 

Those who were resilient in situations likely to cause helplessness

4

What are the following.....?

 

Self-Efficacy

 

Subjective Wellbeing

 

 

Self Efficacy --> Belief in our own capability

High levels mean that people see themselves succeeding, and so are more likely to put more time into mastering something

 

Subjective Wellbeing --> How people evaluate their lives

This can be overall (global) or day-to-day

5

What is the 3 Good Things Intervention?

Note down 3 good things each day and why they were good

 

These can be small/unimportant things, or big/important things

 

After a follow it was found that just by doing this people became happier and less depressed!!

 

6

What are the 3 different types of Social Support?

Instrumental --> Practical support to reduce stress (eg, lifts to appointments)

 

Emotional --> Support to help manage emotional responses (eg, someone to talk to)

 

Informational --> Providing information/knowledge that can be used to overcome stress (eg, medical information)

7

What is Stigma?

An extreme example of a lack of social support

 

Defined as the coexistence of labelling, stereotyping, seperation, status loss and discrimination in a context in which power is exercised. You become excluded from society

8

When do we perceive something to be stressful?

When the perceived threat is greater than the perceived ability to cope

 

Social support can reduce the perceived threat.....as you feel more able to cope

9

What are the 2 hypothesis around when social support is useful in terms of stress?

Direct Effects/Main Effect Hypothesis --> Social support is always beneficial to health and wellbeing irrespective of whether someone is stressed or not

This is due to the sense of belonging and the psychological impact that that has

 

Buffer Effects Hypothesis --> Social support is only beneficial at times of stress

States that PERCIEVED social support acts as a buffer against the adverse effects of stressful events