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Flashcards in Healthcare System Deck (19)
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1

5 services provided by healthcare professionals

1- physiotherapist
2- dental
3- optometrist
4- x rays
5- catscans

2

Preventative healthcare model

Takes determinants of health into consideration. Aims at stopping the illnesses from occurring and for early detection of illnesses
Examples :
Slip slop slap
Quit program (smoking)
Free mammograms
Free bowel Cancer / colorectal Cancer checks
Healthy eating pyramids

3

Communicable and non communicable diseases

Diseases that are capable of being transmitted from one person to another or from one species to another
Examples :
-Scarlet fever
-polio
- measles
-diptheria

4

Biomedical model of health care

Focus on medical profession, aims to treat the biomedical aspects of the disease
Involves diagnosis, treatment and cure of a condition
Examples :
- MRI
- blood test
- X-rays
- medication
- Surgery

5

What is Medicare

Medicare is a universal health care system that provides medical care to patients via their GP or hospital for little or no cost

Eligible : all aus and nz citizens

6

How is Medicare funded

Medicare is funded by the federal government through 3 sources of income
1 - Medicare levy (2% tax)
2 - Medicare levy surcharge
3 - general taxation

7

Bulk billing

Bulk billing is gps that don’t charge a surcharge and rely on the schedules fee and the patient pays no out of pocket expenses

8

Out of pocket costs

The extra costs that are on top of the schedule fee, that are payed for by the patient

9

3 services NOT covered by Medicare

1- cosmetic procedures
2- ambulance services
3- home nursing

10

Pharmaceutical benefits scheme

The PBS subsidises the cost of many prescription medications
(Government pays for a portion of the price)

11

Private health insurance

Is an insurance which members pay a premium (fee) for payments towards medical
health costs NOT covered by Medicare
Examples
- dentist
-chiropractor
- physiotherapist

12

Health status

An individual or populations overall health, taking into account various aspects
- life expectancy
- disease risk factors
- disability levels

13

4 indicators of health status

1 - life expectancy
2 - morbidity
3 - mortality
4 - burden of disease

14

How Medicare improves health status

Medicare improves health status by allowing people of all socioeconomic status’ to have access to all aspects of healthcare meaning that as an overall population we are healthier

15

Morbidity

Refers to the ill health in an individual and the levels of ill health in a population or group

16

Mortality

The number of deaths over a period of time ( usually per 100,000 )

17

Adulthood stage 1

Early adulthood
19 - 40

18

Adulthood stage 2

Middle adulthood
41 - 64

19

Adulthood stage 3

Late adulthood
65 +