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Flashcards in heart Deck (36):
1

disorders of the heart and blood vessel system including stroke and coronary heart disease

cardiovascular disease

2

a chronic disease in which the arteries that supply the heat become narrowed or clogged. results from either atherosclerosis or arteriosclerosis

coronary heart disease

3

a chronic disease in which cholesterol and other fats are deposited on the inner walls of the coronary arteries reducing circulation of heart tissue

atherosclerosis

4

buildups of fatty deposits within the wall of an artery that occur in atherosclerosis

atheromatous plagues

5

the process of forming athematous plagues in the inner lining of arteries

atherogenisis

6

hardening of the arteries a disease in which blood vessels lose their elasticity

arteriosclerosis

7

a condition of extreme chest pain cause by a restriction of the blood supply to the heart

angina pectoris

8

a heart attack, the permanent death of heart tissue in response to an interruption of blood supply yo the myocardium

myocardial infarction

9

a cerebrovascular accident that results in damage to the brain due to lack of oxygen, usually caused my athersclerosis or arteriosclerosis

stroke

10

a measure of the electrical discharges that emanate from the heart

electrocardiogram (ecg or ekg)

11

a diagnostic test for coronary heart disease in which dye is injected so that xrays can reveal any obstructions in thr coronary arteries

coronary angiography

12

cardiac surgery in which a small piece of healthy vein from elsewhere in the body is grafted around a blocked coronary artery allowing blood to flow more freely to a portion of the heart

coronary artery bypass graft

13

cardiac surgery in which an inflatable catheter is used to open a blocker coronary artery

coronary angioplasty

14

a sustained elevation of diastolic and systolic blood pressure(high blood pressure)

hypertension

15

am individuals characteristic reaction to stress including changes in heart rate blood pressure and hormones

cardiovascular reactivity

16

a cluster of conditions that occur together-including elevated blood pressure and insulin levels excess body fat and unhealthy cholesterol ratios that increase risk for heart disease

metabolic syndrome

17

a disorder of all the endocrine system in which the body is unable to produce insulin (type1 ) or is unable to properly utilize the pancreatic hormone(type 2)

diabetes mellitus

18

the extent to which a chronic illness disrupts a persons life by interfering w/ valued activities and interests and reducing perceptions of a personal control self efficacy and self esteem

illness intrusiveness

19

walk on treadmill while being monitored
to see if you develop chest pain or changes in your
echocardiogram that suggest that your heart is not
getting enough blood

stress test

20

visualize heart’s movements during exertion

echocardiogram

21

Landmark prospective study of demographic,
biological, and psychological risk factors in CVD

• The Framingham Heart Study (began 1948)

22

Women are twice as likely as men to die
following a heart attack..why?

–Women with CVD older than men with CVD
–CVD tends to be diagnosed earlier in men than in
women (underrepresentation of women in clinical
trials)
–Men receive more aggressive diagnostic and treatment procedures

23

– Massive study of 13,000 middle-aged men and women
– People who scored highest on an anger scale were
three times more likely to have a heart attack than
those with the lowest score

• Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC)
Study

24

hypothesis...Higher hostility, increased stress, decreased social support

• Psychosocial Vulnerability Hypothesis

25

theory....Indirect effect to CVD risk factors, including obesity,
hypertension, alcohol and tobacco use

• Health Behavior Explanation

26

model– Gradual effect of unhealthy increases in blood
pressure, free fatty acids, epinephrine, cortisol, and
other stress hormones

Psychophysiological Reactivity Model

27

-juvenile onset or insulin dependent
--autoimmune disease
-immune system destroys the insulin and and glucagon producing inslet cells
symptoms-excessive urination, sweet craving, fatigue and weight loss

type 1 diabetes

28

adult onset- noninsulin dependent
results from insulin resistance (glucose intolerance)
affects more women
strict diet and excercise

symptoms-cut heal slowly
numbmess

type 2 diabetes

29

blood sugar level that is too low

Hypoglycemia

30

blood sugar level that is too high

Hyperglycemia

31

Direct pathway via challenging events:
 Abnormal blood sugar responses
 Over-reactive SNS
 High levels of stress
 Chronic
Indirect pathway via stress:
 Compliance problems
 Poor diet
 Inactivity

diathesis stress model of diabetes

32

what is the most accurate means of diagnosing coronary heart disease

coronary angioplasty

33

the framingham heart study used what kind of research design

perspective study

34

Once blood pressure consistently exceeds __________, the condition is called hypertension.

140/90
normal- 120/80

35

most common stroke-- occurs when plaques or a clot obstruct an artery blocking the flow of blood to an area of the brain

ischemic stoke

36

occurs when a blood vessel bursts inside the brain, increasing pressure on the cerebrum and damaging it by pressing it against the skull

hemorrhagic stroke