Heat, Temperature, and Energy Test Flashcards Preview

Freshman Science > Heat, Temperature, and Energy Test > Flashcards

Flashcards in Heat, Temperature, and Energy Test Deck (45):
1

Anything that has mass and volume

matter

2

anything that has the ability to cause change

energy

3

Energy (can or can not) exist on its own

can (such as in light)

4

Energy (can or can not) exist in matter

can (such as in heat)

5

_________ is the ability to do work on another object

Energy

6

A moving baseball can "do" something to another object, so it has ________. One at rest, on the ground can not.

energy

7

A book on a shelf can fall and push something, so it has _______. One on the floor can not.

energy

8

We (do or do not) get heat from the sun

do not

9

We (can or can not) see heat

can not

10

An object in motion has ______ energy

kinetic (KE)

11

anything off the ground has ________ ________ energy

gravitational potential (GPE)

12

springs, elastics, bounce has ________ ________ energy

elastic potential (EPE)

13

gasoline, gunpowder, food have _________ ________ energy

chemical potential (CPE)

14

total kinetic energy of moving atoms

Heat (thermal)

15

The speed of moving atoms is _______.

Temperature

16

The total amount of kinetic energy, or jiggling, of an object's atoms is called _______.

Heat

17

The theory that all matter is made of _______ and they are always in motion is called the _______ theory.

Atoms, KE

18

A hot iron pan is removed from the oven. A single sheet of aluminum foil is removed from the same oven. The pan and the sheet have the same _______ but the pan has more _______.

Temperature, heat

19

Temperature is measured in three different scales called ______, ______, and _______.

degrees F, degrees C, K

20

the temperature scale that is based on the freezing and boiling points of water is called the ______ scale.

Celsius

21

the scale which has smallest sized degrees is called the ______ scale.

Fahrenheit

22

the Celsius scale has the freezing point of water at _____ degrees and the boiling point at ______ degrees.

0, 100

23

the Kelvin scale has the freezing point of water at ______ degrees and the boiling point at ______ degrees.

273, 373

24

the Fahrenheit scale has the freezing point of water at ______ degrees and the boiling point at ______ degrees.

32, 212

25

the point at which all atomic motion would stop is called _______ ________.

absolute zero

26

the unit used to measure heat energy is called the ______.

Joule

27

the law that states that energy is never lost or gained, just transformed from one place or object to another is called the law of _________ of energy.

conservation

28

the measurement of how much heat/energy an object can hold per kilogram degree Celsius is called the ______ heat. the symbol given to this quantity is called ______.

specific, Cp

29

water has a _____ specific heat. this makes is _____ to change the temperature of water compared to other substances.

high, hard

30

the formula for specific heat is Q= mCp^T. this formula is used to measure transfers of ______.

heat

31

if you had equal weight samples of aluminum and iron sitting in a pot of boiling water then which would burn you more if grabbed barehanded from the pot?

iron

32

the specific heat of water is ______ J/kgdegreesC

4184

33

In this type of heat transfer fluid particles move from on location to another carrying energy with them.

Convection

34

In this type of heat transfer energy moves from atom to atom, but the atoms themselves stay in place.

Conduction

35

Radiation is energy in the form of ________.

Light

36

________ _________ colored material absorbs more energy than _______ colored material.

Dark, dull, light

37

Do you feel radiation?

No, because we can't feel light.

38

What is an insulator?

Something that slows down energy transfer.
- wood
- rubber
- paper

39

What is an R-Value?

How good of an insulator something is.

40

What are 8 forms of energy?

Chemical, thermal, kinetic, sound, electrical, nuclear, light, gravitational

41

Explain three pieces of evidence to support the theory of continental drift.

-Matching coastlines
-Matching fossils
-Similar land

42

What is sea floor spreading? Where does it occur?

The earth spreading apart and rock comes up.
Under the sea.

43

Spreading apart as magma pushes up.

Divergent

44

Formed when plates collide.

Convergent

45

Form along boundaries that exist as cracks, or faults

Transform boundaries