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Diagnostic Imaging II Final > Hematologic Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hematologic Diseases Deck (19):
1

What is the most common hemolytic anemia?

Sickle cell anemia

2

What is the race bias associated with sickle cell anemia?

African Americans

3

What is another name for sickle cell anemia and why?

"Hands and feet syndrome" - patients present with pain and swelling in the hands and feet

4

How can sickle cell affect the patient's GI tract?

Infarct of bowel following obstruction of the mesenteric arteries (abdominal crisis)

5

Sickle cell presents with a predisposition for what kind of bone infection?

SALMONELLA osteomyelitis (remember the most common is usually Staph aureus, so this is super unique)

6

What are some of the radiographic features seen with sickle cell?

Marrow hyperplasia, hair on end skull, Erlenmeyer flask, H shaped vertebra

7

What are other names for the H shaped vertebrae seen with sickle cell?

Lincoln Log vertebrae, Reynold's phenomenon

8

What is another name for thalassemia?

Cooley's anemia

9

What ethnicity is more likely to get thalassemia?

Those of Mediterranean origin

10

What are the forms of thalassemia?

Minor, intermedia, major

11

What is the patient presentation for thalassemia?

Fatigue due to chronic anemia, splenomegaly, cardiomegaly, gallstones

12

What are the features of thalassemia?

Marrow hyperplasia, extra medullary hematopoiesis, maxillary overgrown (aka rodent facies), hair on end skull

13

Which radiographic feature is ultra sensitive to sickle cell?

Lincoln log vertebra

14

Which feature is ultra sensitive to thalassemia?

Hair on end skull (also rodent facies)

15

Honeycomb coarsened trabeculation is seen with what condition?

Thalassemia

16

Hair on end skull is more likely to be seen with what blood condition?

Thalassemia

17

What is hemophilia?

Inability to clot (X-linked disease carried by females and manifested in males)

18

What causes the juxta-articular osteoporosis seen with hemophilia?

Hyperemia

19

What is the major radiographic sign seen with Leukemia?

Radiolucent submetaphyseal bands (also growth arrest lines)