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Flashcards in Henry VIII Deck (87):
1

When did Henry VIII marry Catherine of Aragon?

1509

2

When was Wolsey appointed Chancellor of England and Henry's Chief Minister?

1515

3

When did Wolsey become Papal Legate (Pope's representative)?

1518

4

When was the Amicable Grant Rising: A rebellion in East Anglia?

1525

5

When did Henry want to end his marriage to Catherine?

1526

6

Why were people excited that Henry would be king?

Because he looked more wealthy and fun

7

What were some of Henry’s weaknesses?

He was young and naive
He had a disinterest in day-to-day government
He took risks (dangerous sports) risky with no male heir
He was egotistical and overconfident and wouldn’t listen to advice

8

What did some refer to Henry as being?

The Renaissance prince

9

What were some of Henry’s aims?

To create government where King decided policy and his ministers carried it out
To achieve victory in battles
To become a major force in European affairs
To win back land from France
To create dazzling royal court
To enhance his prestige
To be an effective monarch

10

Who dominated Henry's government for 15 years?

Wolsey

11

What does Betrothed mean?

A formal engagement that could not easily be broken

12

What is Accession?

The act of becoming king

13

What is Betrothed?

A formal engagement that could not easily be broken

14

Who didn't like Wolsey?

The nobility

15

Why was Wolsey's positions becoming weaker?

He abused his power

16

What is a financial reform?

Making a change associated with money

17

What is a domestic reform?

Making changes associated with homes

18

What is Royal Progress?

A tour of their kingdom by a monarch & entourage

19

What is the Renaissance

Means rebirth. 1300-1600

20

What is the 'Divine right of kings'?

Being chosen by God to be king

21

What is the Archbishop of York

Second highest position within the Church

22

What is a Pope?

Head of the Catholic Church

23

What is the Royal household?

Henry & his family, and all the servants needed.

24

What is the Royal Council?

The king’s inner circle of advisers

25

What was Parliaments job?

Its main aim was to raise taxes for special occasions

26

What is Enclosure?

Areas of farmland that were being fenced off for
private use, often taken from the common land

27

What is the Amicable Grant?

A tax to pay for the invasion of France = rebellion

28

What is a Lord Chancellor?

The King's Chief secretary

29

What is Cardinal?

A priest of a very high rank in the Roman Catholic Church

30

What is a Star Chamber?

Special law court, cases heard in secret

31

How did Wolsey rise to power?

Wolsey raised an army for Henry to invade France.
Henry now saw him as a man to get things done.

32

What is a Privy Chamber?

Men chosen by Henry to be his advisers

33

What is a Court?

The household plus the king's friends and advisers

34

What are the Justices of the Peace?

Nobility that kept law and order in different areas of the country

35

What is a Subsidy?

A progressive tax on incomes

36

What is Eltham Ordinance?

To tackle the misspending and bad management of the palaces a list of rule 79 chapters long

37

Why did the nobility not like Wolsey?

He was the son of a butcher and came from humble beginnings

38

What were Wolsey’s main reforms in England?

1)Star Chamber
2)Finance
3)Amicable Grant
4)Eltham Ordinances
5)Enclosures

39

When was the Treaty of London?

1518

40

When was the 'Field of Cloth' ?

1520

41

When was Henry's second war with France?

1522-25

42

When was the Anglo-French alliance?

1525

43

When did England and France declare war on Charles V?

1528

44

When did the enquiry into Henry's marriage begin?

1529

45

When was the Treaty of Cambrai?

1529

46

What is an annulment?

Declaring that a marriage isn't legal

47

What was the Battle of the Spurs?

The final battle in the 1st French war

48

When was the Treaty of More?

1525

49

When was the Treaty of Westminster?

1527

50

What is succession?

The order in which one person follows another to the throne

51

Who was the head of the enquiry into Henry's marriage?

Cardinal Campeggio

52

Who was Charles V?

King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor

53

Who was Francis I?

King of France

54

What is Praemunire?

The offence of asserting the power of a foreign prince in England

55

What is a Regent?

A person appointed to administer a state

56

When did Thomas Cranmer become Archbishop of Canterbury

1533

57

What was "The King's Great Matter"?

King's search for an annulment from Catherine of Aragon

58

Who was Jane Seymour?

Henry's 3rd wife and mother to Edward VI

59

Who was Anne accused of having an affair with?

Mark Smeaton, Sir Henry Norris

60

Who was Anne of Cleves?

Henry's 4th wife

61

When did Cromwell make MP's support the King's reforms?

1533

62

When did Henry marry Anne of Cleves?

1540

63

When was Elizabeth Barton arrested and interrogated?

1533

64

When was the Act of Succession?

1534

65

When was the Act of Supremacy?

1534

66

When was the Treason Act?

1534

67

What are Sacraments?

Special church ceremonies (eg. Baptism, Marriage)

68

What is a Pilgrimage?

A journey for religious reasons

69

When and Why was John Fisher executed?

1535, Treason

72

Who was at the top of the social hierarchy of the countryside?

The Nobility

73

Who was at the top of the social hierarchy of towns?

Merchants

74

What was the structure of government in 1509

The King
Privy Chamber
The Royal Household
The Royal Council
The Court
Parliament
Justice of the Peace

75

What were Henry’s views on sovereignty and monarchy?

He believed he was appointed by God (divine right of kings)
People had a duty to obey him
The monarchy was the centre of life in England
He was very stubborn

76

What year did Wolsey join Cardinal Campaggio in leading the commission?

1529

77

What year was Wolsey stripped of his palaces?

1529

78

What position was Wolsey suspended from in 1529?

Archdiocese of York

79

When was Wolsey suspended from Archdiocese of York?

1529

80

What did the letter that Henry sent to Wolsey say?

Have good cheer

81

What was Wolsey originally charged with?

Praemunire

82

Who was the chancellorship given to?

Sir Thomas More

83

What was Wolsey given in 1530?

A royal pardon and could take up role of Archbishop of York again

84

Where was Wolsey forced to move back to?

York

85

Who did Wolsey attempt to send letters to?

King Francis of France
The Pope
King Charles V
Catherine of Aragon

86

in 1530, what was Wolsey charged with?

Treason

87

What did Henry sentence Wolsey to?

Death by hanging

88

What was Wolsey's fathers occupation?

A butcher

89

What year did Wolsey die?

1530