Flashcards in Henry VIII Deck (87):
When did Henry VIII marry Catherine of Aragon?
When was Wolsey appointed Chancellor of England and Henry's Chief Minister?
When did Wolsey become Papal Legate (Pope's representative)?
When was the Amicable Grant Rising: A rebellion in East Anglia?
When did Henry want to end his marriage to Catherine?
Why were people excited that Henry would be king?
Because he looked more wealthy and fun
What were some of Henry’s weaknesses?
He was young and naive
He had a disinterest in day-to-day government
He took risks (dangerous sports) risky with no male heir
He was egotistical and overconfident and wouldn’t listen to advice
What did some refer to Henry as being?
The Renaissance prince
What were some of Henry’s aims?
To create government where King decided policy and his ministers carried it out
To achieve victory in battles
To become a major force in European affairs
To win back land from France
To create dazzling royal court
To enhance his prestige
To be an effective monarch
Who dominated Henry's government for 15 years?
What does Betrothed mean?
A formal engagement that could not easily be broken
What is Accession?
The act of becoming king
What is Betrothed?
A formal engagement that could not easily be broken
Who didn't like Wolsey?
Why was Wolsey's positions becoming weaker?
He abused his power
What is a financial reform?
Making a change associated with money
What is a domestic reform?
Making changes associated with homes
What is Royal Progress?
A tour of their kingdom by a monarch & entourage
What is the Renaissance
Means rebirth. 1300-1600
What is the 'Divine right of kings'?
Being chosen by God to be king
What is the Archbishop of York
Second highest position within the Church
What is a Pope?
Head of the Catholic Church
What is the Royal household?
Henry & his family, and all the servants needed.
What is the Royal Council?
The king’s inner circle of advisers
What was Parliaments job?
Its main aim was to raise taxes for special occasions
What is Enclosure?
Areas of farmland that were being fenced off for
private use, often taken from the common land
What is the Amicable Grant?
A tax to pay for the invasion of France = rebellion
What is a Lord Chancellor?
The King's Chief secretary
What is Cardinal?
A priest of a very high rank in the Roman Catholic Church
What is a Star Chamber?
Special law court, cases heard in secret
How did Wolsey rise to power?
Wolsey raised an army for Henry to invade France.
Henry now saw him as a man to get things done.
What is a Privy Chamber?
Men chosen by Henry to be his advisers
What is a Court?
The household plus the king's friends and advisers
What are the Justices of the Peace?
Nobility that kept law and order in different areas of the country
What is a Subsidy?
A progressive tax on incomes
What is Eltham Ordinance?
To tackle the misspending and bad management of the palaces a list of rule 79 chapters long
Why did the nobility not like Wolsey?
He was the son of a butcher and came from humble beginnings
What were Wolsey’s main reforms in England?
When was the Treaty of London?
When was the 'Field of Cloth' ?
When was Henry's second war with France?
When was the Anglo-French alliance?
When did England and France declare war on Charles V?
When did the enquiry into Henry's marriage begin?
When was the Treaty of Cambrai?
What is an annulment?
Declaring that a marriage isn't legal
What was the Battle of the Spurs?
The final battle in the 1st French war
When was the Treaty of More?
When was the Treaty of Westminster?
What is succession?
The order in which one person follows another to the throne
Who was the head of the enquiry into Henry's marriage?
Who was Charles V?
King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor
Who was Francis I?
King of France
What is Praemunire?
The offence of asserting the power of a foreign prince in England
What is a Regent?
A person appointed to administer a state
When did Thomas Cranmer become Archbishop of Canterbury
What was "The King's Great Matter"?
King's search for an annulment from Catherine of Aragon
Who was Jane Seymour?
Henry's 3rd wife and mother to Edward VI
Who was Anne accused of having an affair with?
Mark Smeaton, Sir Henry Norris
Who was Anne of Cleves?
Henry's 4th wife
When did Cromwell make MP's support the King's reforms?
When did Henry marry Anne of Cleves?
When was Elizabeth Barton arrested and interrogated?
When was the Act of Succession?
When was the Act of Supremacy?
When was the Treason Act?
What are Sacraments?
Special church ceremonies (eg. Baptism, Marriage)
What is a Pilgrimage?
A journey for religious reasons
When and Why was John Fisher executed?
Who was at the top of the social hierarchy of the countryside?
Who was at the top of the social hierarchy of towns?
What was the structure of government in 1509
The Royal Household
The Royal Council
Justice of the Peace
What were Henry’s views on sovereignty and monarchy?
He believed he was appointed by God (divine right of kings)
People had a duty to obey him
The monarchy was the centre of life in England
He was very stubborn
What year did Wolsey join Cardinal Campaggio in leading the commission?
What year was Wolsey stripped of his palaces?
What position was Wolsey suspended from in 1529?
Archdiocese of York
When was Wolsey suspended from Archdiocese of York?
What did the letter that Henry sent to Wolsey say?
Have good cheer
What was Wolsey originally charged with?
Who was the chancellorship given to?
Sir Thomas More
What was Wolsey given in 1530?
A royal pardon and could take up role of Archbishop of York again
Where was Wolsey forced to move back to?
Who did Wolsey attempt to send letters to?
King Francis of France
King Charles V
Catherine of Aragon
in 1530, what was Wolsey charged with?
What did Henry sentence Wolsey to?
Death by hanging
What was Wolsey's fathers occupation?