Henry VIII Flashcards Preview

History > Henry VIII > Flashcards

Flashcards in Henry VIII Deck (36):
1

When did Henry VIII marry Catherine of Aragon?

1509

2

When was Wolsey appointed Chancellor of England and Henry's Chief Minister?

1515

3

When did Wolsey become Papal Legate (Pope's representative)?

1518

4

Why were people excited that Henry would be king?

Because he looked more wealthy and fun

5

When was the Amicable Grant Rising: A rebellion in East Anglia?

1525

6

What did some refer to Henry as being?

The Renaissance prince

7

Who dominated Henry's government for 15 years?

Wolsey

8

When did Henry want to end his marriage to Catherine?

1526

9

What does Betrothed mean?

A formal engagement that could not easily be broken

10

What is Accession?

The act of becoming king

11

What is Betrothed?

A formal engagement that could not easily be broken

12

Who didn't like Wolsey?

The nobility

13

Why was Wolsey's positions becoming weaker?

He abused his power

14

What is a financial reform?

Making a change associated with money

15

What is a domestic reform?

Making changes associated with homes

16

What is Royal Progress?

A tour of their kingdom by a monarch & entourage

17

What is the Renaissance

Means rebirth. 1300-1600

18

What is the 'Divine right of kings'?

Being chosen by God to be king

19

What is the Archbishop of York

Second highest position within the Church

20

What is a Pope?

Head of the Catholic Church

21

What is the Royal household?

Henry & his family, and all the servants needed.

22

What is the Royal Council?

The king’s inner circle of advisers

23

What was Parliaments job?

Its main aim was to raise taxes for special occasions

24

What is Enclosure?

Areas of farmland that were being fenced off for
private use, often taken from the common land

25

What is the Amicable Grant?

A tax to pay for the invasion of France = rebellion

26

What is a Lord Chancellor?

The King's Chief secretary

27

What is Cardinal?

A priest of a very high rank in the Roman Catholic Church

28

What is a Star Chamber?

Special law court, cases heard in secret

29

How did Wolsey rise to power?

Wolsey raised an army for Henry to invade France.
Henry now saw him a man to get things done.

30

What is a Privy Chamber?

Men chosen by Henry to be his advisers

31

What is a Court?

The household plus the king's friends and advisers

32

What are the Justices of the Peace?

Nobility that kept law and order in different areas of the country

33

What is a Subsidy?

A progressive tax on incomes

34

What is Eltham Ordinance?

To tackle the misspending and bad management of the palaces a list of rule 79 chapters long

35

Why did the nobility not like Wolsey?

He was the son of a butcher and came from humble beginnings

36

What were Wolsey’s main reforms in England?

1)Star Chamber
2)Finance
3)Amicable Grant
4)Eltham Ordinances
5)Enclosures