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Hepato-pancreato-biliary > hepatospleno > Flashcards

Flashcards in hepatospleno Deck (9):
1

Porto-caval anastomoses

Eesophageal: Azygos vv (caval; Eesophageal vv (portal)
Periumbilical (caput medussae) Periumbilical vv (portal)
Superior rectal vv (portal) and inferior rectal vv (caval)

2

Congenital causes of portal HT

congenital atresia/stenosis
hepatic fibrosis

3

What is Budd Chiari syndrome

Rare condition, where hepatic vein is occluded, thus drainage of liver is impaired
Leads to RUQ pain, ascites and hepatomegaly

4

Causes of hepatomegaly

schistosomiasis
viral hepatitis or alcoholic induced cirrhosis
RVF
drug-induced (paracetamol)
Constrictive pericarditis
Budd Chiari syndrome
congenital atresia/stenosis
hepatic fibrosis

5

infective causes of splenomegaly

acute: glandular fever, endocarditis, septic shock, typhillis
chronic: TB
parasitic: VL, malaria, schistosomiasis

6

type of hypertension leading to splenomegaly?

portal HT

7

inflammatory causes of splenomegaly

RA
SLE
Sarcoidosis

8

haematological causes of splenomegaly

haemolytic anaemia
haemoglobinopathies
leukaemia
lymphoma
myeloproliferative

9

misc causes of splenomegaly

storage disease
amyloid
neoplasm