Herbs Chapter COPY COPY Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Herbs Chapter COPY COPY Deck (69):
1

Cranberry Juice

prevent UTIs, will not treat UTIs already established

2

Ma Huang affects on body

Stimulate
elevate BP

3

can cause nausea vomitting and menstral changes

milk thistle

4

which drug if used long term surpresses the immune system ***

Echinacea

5

*Oral ingestion* can increase the risk of bleeding and bruising when taken with anticoagulants

cayenne

6

Which herb is used by people for Rhadomyolysis leading to myglobinurea

Coenzyme Q-10

7

Which herb Lowers seizure threshold making someone more likely to seize?

Ginko biloba

8

Which herb is used by people for Heart Failure

Coenzyme Q-10

9

ma huang causes

Causes HTN
Stroke
MI and death

10

Echinacea precautions

Do not use with autoimmune diseases (rheumatoid arthritis and lupus)

11

Which herb will not help if patient is taking antibiotics but ends up reducing the effect of the antibiotics?

Zinc

12

Which herbs are thought to be always dangerous

comfrey
kava
ma huang

13

Which herb is used for Weight loss, anti-cancer (antioxidant), improve mental clarity. Anticoagulation properties.

green tea

14

which herbs have caffeine in them?

green tea
ginseng

15

St Johns wort is used for ____

used for depression

16

Will reduce the effectiveness of azathioprine, cyclosporine, methotrexate, CellCept

tumeric

17

Which herb is Sedative, sleep-aide, anxiety, lack of concentration.

valerian

18

Which herb stimulates immune system

Echinacea
(think: which is why its good for virus')

19

Which drug accelerates metabolism of other drugs? (such as antidepressants)

St Johns Wort

20

Which herb used by people to treat symptoms of menopause?

Black Cohosh

21

Excessive amounts of zinc will...

Excessive amounts
lower HDL cholesterol and damage immune system

22

Coenzyme Q-10 precautions

do not use with warfarin

23

Which herb treats viral infections and skin problems?

Echinacea

24

What are some glucosamine precautions?

watch for shellfish allergy

25

Zingiber officinale

Ginger root

26

which drug increase bruising and bleeding if taken with NSAIDS and/or anticoagulants.

turmeric

27

which herb weight loss, decreases blood glucose

cinnamon

28

this herb has an increased risk of bleeding when on anticoagulants

valerian
(zinc is regularly, valerian is only on anticoagulants)

29

used for anxiety, can cause liver damage

kava

30

knitbone aka

comfrey

31

which herb increases liver function tests

valerian

32

What are some precautions when taking probiotics?

activity of probiotics may be altered by antibiotics and antifungals

33

Ubiquinone

Coenzyme Q-10

34

ADHD, impotence, Diabetes, anemia, fever, increase stamina, protect against respiratory illness.

ginseng

35

Which herb is used for Mild to moderate depression, anxiety, asthma, gout, arthritis.

st. johns wort

36

which drugs have estrogen like effects

milk thistle
ginseng

37

topical relief of pain and itching.

cayenne

38

Stimulant, weight loss, decongestant.

ma huang

39

Improve age-related memory impairment, increase blood flow. Anticoagulation properties.

Ginko biloba

40

Which herb is used by people muscle injury caused by statins?

Coenzyme Q-10

41

Which herb is used by people to treat Benign prostheric hypertrophy (BPH) ?

black cohosh
saw palmetto

42

precautions of apple cider vinegar

hypokalemia when used with Lasix, Digitalis, Insulin

43

Which herbals increase risk of bleeding and should not be taken peri-operatively or with anticoagulants?

Gingo biloba
Fish Oil
Fever-few
garlic
(Also Vitamin E)

44

Which herb suppresses migraines, also used in RA and other inflammatory conditions.

Zinc

45

Which herb reduces serum levels of enalapril (anti-hypertensive) asprin and many other drugs.

Zinc

46

Treat Diarrhea, bronchitis, leprosy, headaches, heartburn, colic, bruising, Alzheimers’ prevention

turmeric

47

camellia sinensis

green tea

48

can cause veno-occlusive disease thrombophebitis, liver damage

comfrey
(think half C filled = veno-occulsive)

49

Which herb is Pregnancy Category X?

Saw palmetto

50

Valerian precautions

Dont combine with other meds/alcohol since CNS depressant

51

Which herb has anti-androgenic effects (feminizing effects)?

Saw palmetto, ginseng
think: saw palmetto used to relieve pain associated with benign prosthetic hypertrophy)

52

Can cause hypoglycemia when taken with antihypergylcemic medications, increased stimulant effect with caffeine, alter coags

ginseng

53

What can prevent c.diff bacteria and H.pylori?

Probiotics

54

used for bone ailments, back pain, “female” problems

comfrey

55

Which herb is used to treat symptoms of Menopause, Osteoporosis, Breast Cancer. ?

Soy

56

Which herb should not be taken with antihypertensives?

Ma Huang

57

St. Johns Wort precaution

Do not combine with other serotonin-enhancing drugs (Amphetamine, cocaine, SSRIs MAO inhibitors, tricyclic agents).

58

Cimicifuga racemosa

black cohosh

59

Treat liver, spleen and gallbladder diseases.

milk thistle

60

Which herb can intensify actions of other stimulants and pressors?

Ma Huang
because will cancel each other out

61

Symphytum officinale/knitbone aka

comfrey

62

Which herb treats Vertigo and GI symptoms. Lower blood glucose. Anticoagulation properties

Ginger root

63

Which herbs Do not use with (SERMs) (Estrogen manipulators)

soy, black cohosh

64

what has Antiseptic properties, soothing, arthritis, HTN, OP, Obesity, Help with cancer, infection, senility and nail fungus (topical). (wide range)

apple cider vinegar

65

which herb should you not combine with alcohol because it is a CNS depressant

valerian

66

Which herb is used for people with osteoarthritis and has anticoagulation properties?

glucosamine

67

Which herb *increases* risk of bleeding?

Zinc
(Valerian= when on anticoagulants)

68

in other countries this drug is approved and used as a liver cleanser

milk thistle

69

Which herb will reduce serum levels of Cipro, Levaquin, Minocycline, Enalapril, Doxycyline, ASA, (antiinfectives) and many other medications?

Zinc