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Flashcards in HESI A2 Deck (27):
1

how many centimeters in a meter

100 centimetres make a metre

2

how many millimeters in a meter

1,000 millimetres make a metre

3


Length
Unit  Value
Kilometre (km)  1,000 metres
Hectometre (hm)  100 metres
Dekametre (dam)  10 metres
metre (m)  1 metre
Decimetre (dm)  0.1 metre
Centimetre (cm)  0.01 metres
Millimetre (mm)  0.001 metres

Length
Unit  Value
Kilometre (km)  1,000 metres
Hectometre (hm)  100 metres
Dekametre (dam)  10 metres
metre (m)  1 metre
Decimetre (dm)  0.1 metre
Centimetre (cm)  0.01 metres
Millimetre (mm)  0.001 metres

4


Capacity
Unit  Value
Kilolitre (kl)  1,000 Litres
Hectolitres (hl)  100 Litres
Dekalitres (dal)  10 Litres
Litre (l)  1 Litre(*)
Decilitre (dl)  0.10 Litres
Centilitre (cl)  0.01 Litres
Millilitre (ml)  0.001 Litres
* 1 litre + 1.057 quarts


Capacity
Unit  Value
Kilolitre (kl)  1,000 Litres
Hectolitres (hl)  100 Litres
Dekalitres (dal)  10 Litres
Litre (l)  1 Litre(*)
Decilitre (dl)  0.10 Litres
Centilitre (cl)  0.01 Litres
Millilitre (ml)  0.001 Litres
* 1 litre + 1.057 quarts

5


Mass and Weight
Unit  Value
Metric Ton  1,000,000 Grams
Quintal (P)  100,000 Grams
Myriagram  10,000 Grams
Kilogram  1,000 Grams
Hectogram  100 Grams
Dekagram  10 Grams
Gram  1 Gram(*)
Decigram  0.10 Grams
Centigram  0.01 Grams
Milligrams  0.001 Grams
* 1 gram + U.S. 0.035 ounces


Mass and Weight
Unit  Value
Metric Ton  1,000,000 Grams
Quintal (P)  100,000 Grams
Myriagram  10,000 Grams
Kilogram  1,000 Grams
Hectogram  100 Grams
Dekagram  10 Grams
Gram  1 Gram(*)
Decigram  0.10 Grams
Centigram  0.01 Grams
Milligrams  0.001 Grams
* 1 gram + U.S. 0.035 ounces

6


Metric Conversions

All you'll need to know about them!
Multiply  By  To Find
Centimetres  .0328  feet

7


A survey company must contact 136 people via phone calls. How many buttons must be pushed to make the 136 long distance calls?


1360

8


There are 453.59 grams per pound. An infant weighs 6,577 grams. What is the weight of the infant in pounds and ounces?


14 lb 8 oz

6577 grams/453.59 grams per pound = 14.5 pounds.  There are 16 oz. per pound, so .5 pounds = 8 oz.

9


98.6 degrees Fahrenheit is what temperature in Celsius?


37 degrees Celsius
To convert Fahrenheit to Celsius, you subtract 32 degrees and multiply by 5/9.  So 98.6-32=66.6.  66.6*5/9 = 37 degrees Celsius

10


A nurse's shift in a military hospital is from 1400 to 2100. What time of day does the nurse work?


2 pm to 9 pm was correct.
Military time is based on a 24 hour clock.  To convert from military time to standard time, simply subtract 1200 from the time.  1400 - 1200 is 2 pm

11


A patient on a clear diet consumes the following for the day


440 mL
The patients total intake is calculated first by converting everything to ounces: 2 pints of water x 16 oz per pint = 32 oz.; 32 oz. water + 8 oz. coffee + 8 oz. soup = 48 oz.  To convert ounces to milliliters (mL) multiply by 30 oz./milliliter.  48 oz. x 30 ox/mL = 1440 mL.  Therefore the deficit in milliliters is 1440-1000 = 440 mL

12


A sample contains 2/3 oz of liquid. How many milliliters (mL) is this?


20 mL
To convert oz. to mL, multiply by 30 oz/mL.  2/3 x 30 = 60/3 = 20 mL

13


How many meters in a kilometer?


1000

14


How many grams are in a kilogram?


1000

15


10 kilograms is equivalent to how many pounds?


22

To convert kilograms to pounds, multiply by 2.2 pounds/kilogram. 10 x 2.2 = 22

16


Instructions require you to dilute a powder in 3 quarts of water. You only have a container that is marked in liters. How many liters would you use to dilute the powder?


2.88 liters
1 quart = 32 oz. Therefore 3 quarts = 96 oz.  There are 30 milliliters per oz, so 96 oz = 2,880 milliliters.  There are 1000 milliliters per liter, so 2,880 mL = 2.88 liters

17


How many milliliters are in 1 liter?


1000

18

A man's waist measurement is 88.9 centimeters. What is his waist in inches?


35 in. was correct.
To convert centimeters to inches, divide by 2.54.  88.9/2.54 = 35 in

19


How many centimeters are in a meter?


100

20


How many millimeters are in a centimeter?


10

21


How many centimeters are in millimeter?


1/10 was correct

22


1 foot is how many centimeters (Note: There are 2.54 centimeters per inch)


30.48 centimeters was correct.
1 foot = 12 inch.  1 inch = 2.54 centimeters.  Therefore, 1 foot = 12 x 2.54 = 30.48 centimeters.

23


A car dealer offers many 10 different brands of cars for sale. The average daily sales for the dealer are:


116

24


How many gallons are in 80 fluid ounces?


.625 gallons
There are 128 ounces per gallon.  Therefore, 80 fluid ounces = 80/128 = 0.625 gallons

25


The Roman numeral MCMLXVII is equivalent to which Arabic number?


1967

In Roman numerals, M stands for 1000, C for 100, L for 50, X for 10, V for 5 and I for 1.  The MCM stands for 1900 (putting the C before the M means subtract 100 from 1000).  The LXVII stands for 67 (50+10+5+2)

26


A woman has 8 black shoes, 5 brown shoes, 2 red shoes, and 5 boots. What percentage of her collection is boots?


25%

Since she has 20 overall items in her collection, boots make up 25% of her collection (5/20=25%)

27

Reduce fractions using the Greatest Common Factor

Factor: A number that divides evenly into another number

Factors of 12:

1x12=12

2x6=12

3x4=12

12 {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12}