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Flashcards in HILDEGARD PEPLAU Deck (20)
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1
Q

Nursing is defined by Peplau as an

A

interpersonal process of therapeutic interactions

2
Q
  • She described the nurse – patient relationship in four phases, each with unique contributions to the outcome of the interaction.
A

HILDEGARD PEPLAU

2
Q
  • Born on _____________, IN ___________ to immigrant parent’s German descent.
A

September 1, 1909, In Reading Pennsylvania

2
Q

Envision yourself working in an outpatient department, where patients come in to seek medical attention. Your role as a nurse starts by evaluating the cause of the consultation. This is where the nursing process begins – it’s an interpersonal and therapeutic process that involves both science and art. You will use the knowledge you’ve acquired to provide that patient the patient with the necessary care.

A
  • Working as a Nurse in a Hospital – Based Settings
3
Q
  • She created the nursing middle-range theory of Interpersonal Relations and revolutionized nursing scholarship.
A

HILDEGARD PEPLAU

3
Q
  • Peplau witnessed injustices in life and determined to push past them for social justice.
  • Her first exposure to Interpersonal Theory was at Bennington, where she attended lectures by Harold Stack Sullivan on Interpersonal Relations.
  • Peplau had a vision to apply Sullivan’s theory to Interactions with her patients, believing that they needed humane treatment, Dignity and respect, Healing discussion.
A

FOUNDATION OF PEPLAU’S FRAMEWORK

4
Q

The behavior of the nurse interacting with the patient has a significant impact on the patient’s well – being and the quality of nursing care.
* The purpose of the Interpersonal Relations Theory is to improve the interpersonal relationship between nurses and patients and quality nursing education.

A

DIGNITY & RESPECT

4
Q

Peplau formulated theories on interpersonal relations in nursing (1952) and the art and science of nursing (1988)
* Psychodynamic nursing is being able to understand one’s own behavior to help others identify felt difficulties and to apply principles of human relations to the problems that arise at all levels of experience.

A

HEALING DISCUSSION

4
Q

Get acquainted phase of the nurse – patient relationship. It is important that a professional relationship is established, parameters, and boundaries are established and met, and early levels of trust are developed.

A

ORIENTATION PHASE

4
Q

THE FOUR PHASES OF THE NURSE – PATIENT RELATIONSHIP:

A
  • ORIENTATION PHASE:
  • IDENTIFICATION PHASE:
  • EXPLOITATION PHASE or WORKING PHASE:
  • RESOLUTION PHASE or TERMINATION PHASE:
4
Q

The client begins to identify problems to be worked on within the relationship. The goal of the nurse is to help the patient recognize their participation role and promote responsibility for self.

A

IDENTIFICATION PHASE

4
Q

The client’s trust of the nurse reached full potential, the client making full use of nursing services, solving immediate problems, and nurse and the patient work towards discharge and termination goals. Intervention of the problems are done.

A

EXPLOITATION PHASE or WORKING PHASE:

5
Q

According to Peplau, a person is an organism that tries to reduce anxiety caused by needs and lives in unstable equilibrium. Every person is viewed as a unique biological – psychological – spiritual structure, which reacts differently to any given situation.

A

HUMAN BEING

5
Q

The final phase of the nurse – patient relationship, client met needs, mutual termination of the relationship, and the client has increased self – reliance to deal with their problem.

A

RESOLUTION PHASE or TERMINATION PHASE

6
Q

In the course of the nurse – patient relationship, the nurse assumes several which empower and equip her in meeting patient’s need.

A

NURSING ROLES

6
Q

defined as a word symbol that implies forward movement of personality and other ongoing human processes in the direction of creative, constructive, productive, personal, and community living.

A

HEALTH

6
Q

Peplau has a narrow perception of the environment, which is a major limitation of her theory. Today, the nurse must consider various factors such as cultural background, home and work environment, and the patient’s adjustments to the hospital.

A

ENVIRONMENT

6
Q

Peplau considers nursing to be a “significant therapeutic, interpersonal process” that functions cooperatively with others to make health possible. Nursing involves problem – solving and is therapeutic because it is a healing art that assists individuals who are sick or in need of medical care. The purpose of nursing is to educate and be a maturing force so that the patient gets a new view of himself given the need that he has presented. This is achieved when the nurse enters into a relationship with the person, viewed as a medium for change.

A

NURSING

7
Q

In 1948, she finished writing her book, “________________” which was a conceptual framework for nursing.

A

“Interpersonal Relations in Nursing”

7
Q

Peplau formulated theories on ___________ and ___________

A

interpersonal relations in nursing (1962) and the art and science of nursing (1988)