Hip and knee Flashcards Preview

OPP I FINAL > Hip and knee > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hip and knee Deck (25):
1

what are the hip ligaments

iliofemoral, ischiofemoral and ligamentum teres capitis femoris

2

what certebrae is associated with psoas major

transverse processes L1-L5

3

What innervates hip flexors generally

L1-L3

4

what innervates hip extensors generally

L5-S2

5

What innervates gluteus medius

L5 and S1

6

what are the ADductors of the leg

ADductors longus, brevis, magnus, obturator externus and gracilis mm

7

what innervates ADductor longus

L2L3L4

8

what may happen in cases of persistent groin pulls

inferior pubic symphysis shear

9

What are the internal rotators of the hip

tensor fascia lata, gluteus minimus and medius

10

what innervates gluteus minimus

L5S1

11

what are the external rotators of the hip

obturators, gemelli, quadratus femoris, gluteus maximus, sartorius and piriformis

12

what innervates piriformis

S1 and S2

13

what mm can cause a decrease in hip internal rotation and irritate sciatic nerve

piriformis

14

what is the function of the acetabular labrum

helps maintain hip stability and provides proprioceptive information regarding hip motion

15

in fractures or degenerative joint diseases what motion goes first

internal rotation

16

when the knee is fully extended what position is it in

passively locks because the femoral condyles medial rotate

17

what portion of the menisci is less likely to heal and why

inner because it is avascular

18

what can joint locking of the knee be indicative of

severe meniscal tear

19

what is the terrible triat or O'Donoghues triad

injury to ACL, MCL and medial meniscus

20

what innervates the biceps femoris m

L5S1S2

21

what innervates rectus femoris

L2L3L4

22

what preganglionic neurons are associated with lowe extremitites

T10-L3

23

ehat is the return to work/play/sports criteria

full painless ROM, strength at least 90%
able to tolerate without increasing symptoms

24

tightness in ADductor longus can lead to what in the pubic area

inferior pubic shear

25

what are signs of a torn acetabular labrum

sharp deep pain that is not resolving with OMT
anterior thigh and groin