Hippocrates And Galen and the Romans Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Hippocrates And Galen and the Romans Deck (19):
1

What were the 4 humours

Blood
Black bile
Yellow bile
Phlegm

2

What was the effect of blood

Blood = feverish and hot > use leaches to bleed you

3

What was the effect of black bile

Black bile = slow and depressed > give a purgative to make you sick

4

Yellow bile effect

Bad tempered and felt sick
So they would give you a purgative to throw up

5

Effect of phlegm

Tearful and unhappy
Use something to make you hit and sticky

6

Who started and spread the new ideas of medicine

The Greeks in 1500 BC
They spread to develop trade links

7

What did Galen change about the 4 humours

Thought it should be 'opposites' to balance the humours

8

What were galens main ideas

Observation was important
Disecting was essential (on animals)

9

Did Galen have a big impact

Yes he spread the basics of medical teaching and no one challenged him
He also fitted Christian beliefs

10

What was the ideas in supernatural treatment

Relates to superstition and religion
Like appealing to god and wearing bracelets

11

What did the Romans do for us?
Key impacts

Peace
Order
Aqueduct
Public baths
Fresh water

12

What happened when the romans left

There was a stagnation in progress

13

How did medival Time stagnate in medical progress

Knowledge of medicine left and so only the monistries seemed to have knowledge
So people relied of religion and there was lack of money and resources

14

What did Galen dissect and why is this bad

Only animals
Animals and humans bodies are very different so some do his anatomy ideas were wrong

15

What is the Hippocratic oath

A promise made by doctors, which is still used today, to obey rules of behaviour In their professional lives

16

What other theory did Galen incorporate

The miasma theory

17

What is the miasma theory

It blames bad air for causing disease when someone breaths it in

18

How long did the miasma theory last

A long time until the 1860s when the germ theory was discovered

19

How were the four humours and miasma Theory’s influential even though they were wrong

They assumed disease was natural rather than supernatural this suggests that people aren’t powerless against disease and they can’t take action against it