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1

Previous names for Computerized Tomography?

CAT - Computerized Axial Tomography

CTAT - Computerized Transaxial Tomography

CRT - Computerized Reconstruction Tomography

DAT - Digital Axial Tomography

1

What nobel prize did Hounsfield win for his development of the CT scan?

Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology (1979)

2

Enumerate the 2 benefits of CT scan over conventional radiography?

Eliminates tissue superimposition

Increases contrast of low subject contrast tissues

3

When was Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield born, and when did he die?

1919 - 2014

3

Who developed the mathematical algorithm for the CT Scan?

Allan Cormack

3

Album that was released when Hounsfield conceived the idea of the CT Scan?

Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Heart's Club Band

4

When was the first human patient examined using a CT Scan?

October 1, 1971

5

Harmful procedures done to image the brain before CT Scan was invented?

Pneumoencephalography Ventriculography

6

When did Hounsfield join EMI?

1951

7

Where was the EMI Brain Scanner Installed?

Morley Hospital in Wimbledon, England

8

A medical imaging modality that uses x-rays and digital computer technology to create cross-section slices/images and three dimensional representations of the body?

Computerized Tomography (CT Scan)

9

System where x-ray tube and film cassette are attached to a rigid pendulum, but the detector is always parallel to the tomographic plane?

Tomography

10

Meaning of tomos?

Slice

11

Radioactive element used in Hounsfields prototypes to produce what rays?

Americium. Producing Gamma rays

12

Greek word for slice?

Tomos

13

CTAT stands for?

Computerized Transaxial Tomography

14

Who invented Tomography?

Gustav Grossman (1935)

15

The algorithm developed by Allan Cormack is called?

Filtered backprojection

17

DAT stands for?

Digital Axial Tomography

18

What does EMI stand for?

Electric and Musical Industries

20

System where x-ray tube and film cassette move in parallel equidistant planes with reciprocal motions?

Planigraphy

21

System where x-ray tube and film cassette are perpendicular to a rigid pivoting pendulum?

Stratigraphy

21

Enumerate the four independent researchers who saw the benefit of computers for medical imaging?

Korenblyum (1958, Kiev)

William Oldendorf (1961, UCLA)

Allan Cormack (1963,1964)

David Kuhl, John Hale, and Walter Eaton

22

What is Britians first all-transistor computer?

EMIDEC 1100

23

Who invented stratigraphy?

Alessandro Vallebona (1930)

24

CRT stands for?

Computerized Reconstruction Tomography

26

When did Hounsfield win the Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology?

1979

27

CAT stands for?

Computerized Axial Tomography

28

Who was responsible for the development of the CT scan?

Sir Godfrey Newbold Housfield, CBE, FRS

30

Stands for recording in greek?

graphia

31

Who invented Planigraphy?

Andre Edmond Marie Bocage (1921) Ziedses des Plantes (1921) Ernst Pohl (1932)

32

Austrian mathematician who showed that in theory that images could be obtained through filtered backprojection?

Johann Radon (1917)

33

What was the name of the prototype of the CT scan?

EMI Brain Scanner

34

The software on a high-speed computer that programmed the algorithm for the first CT scan prototype?

FORTRAN