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Flashcards in History 1 Associated People Deck (44)
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1
Q

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

A

Schubert: he was influenced by German Romantic poets like Goethe; Goethe’s poem was the text for Schubert’s “Erlkonig”

2
Q

Prince Leopold of Cothen

A

Bach: In 1717-1723, Bach was his kapellmeister

3
Q

Antonio Salieri

A

Mozart: Salieri was Mozart’s frustrated rival.
Schubert: Salieri taught him theory and composition

4
Q

Stéphane Mallarmé

A

Debussy: Mallarmé’s Symbolist poem was the source of inspiration for Debussy’s Prélude a l’après-midi d’un faune

5
Q

Robert Craft

A

Stravinsky: Craft and Stravinsky had a long and important friendship; Craft was an American composer/conductor and wrote books of their friendship

6
Q

Jozef Elsner

A

Chopin: Elsner was the director of the new Warsaw Conservatory; in his early teens, Chopin began lessons with him

7
Q

Prince Lichnowsky

A

Beethoven: Lichnowsky was an influential patron

8
Q

Michel Fokine

A

Stravinsky: Fokine was the choreographer of “Petrushka”

9
Q

Queen Anne

A

Handel: Handel received an annual salary from Queen Anne when he was in London

10
Q

Prince Francesco Maria Ruspoli

A

Handel: when Handel was in Italy (1706-1710), he worked for Prince Ruspoli

11
Q

Christian Neefe

A

Beethoven: Neefe was court organist in Bonn, and Beethoven studied composition and counterpoint with him

12
Q

Charles Jennens

A

Handel: Jennens was the librettist for Handel’s “Messiah”

13
Q

Franz Xavier Sussmayr

A

Mozart: Sussmayr was Mozart’s student; after Mozart’s death, he completed his unfinished Requiem from the master’s sketches

14
Q

Lorenzo da Ponte

A

Mozart: da Ponte was the librettist for some of Mozart’s operas, including “The Marriage of Figaro” and “Don Giovanni”

15
Q

Prosper Mérimée

A

Bizet: Mérimée wrote the novella “Carmen”, which became the basis for Bizet’s opera “Carmen”

16
Q

Harriet Smithson

A

Berlioz: Berlioz had been obsessed with Smithson, a Shakespearean actress, for many years; she was the inspiration for “Symphonie fantastique”; they did marry and had one son

17
Q

David Belasco

A

Puccini: the plot of Puccini’s “Madama Butterfly” was based on a play by Belasco

18
Q

Georges Sand

A

Chopin: Chopin had a love affair with novelist Aurore Dudevant (pen name Georges Sand) 1836-1847; never married, no children, the romance ended bitterly

19
Q

Sergei Diaghilev

A

Stravinsky: as director of “Les Ballets Russes” in Paris, Diaghilev commissioned some of Stravinsky’s early ballets that launched his career, “The Firebird”, “Petrushka”

20
Q

Prince Nikolaus Esterhazy

A

Haydn: Haydn was employed with the Esterhazy family for over 30 years

21
Q

Illica and Giacosa

A

Puccini: they were the librettists of Puccini’s “Madama Butterfly”

22
Q

Meilhac and Halévy

A

Bizet: librettists for Bizet’s “Carmen”

23
Q

Jerome Robbins

A

Bernstein: choreographer for Bernstein’s “West Side Story”

24
Q

Stephen Sondheim

A

Bernstein: lyricist for Bernstein’s “West Side Story”

25
Q

Constanze Weber

A

Mozart: Mozart’s wife, an opera singer; they married in 1782 against Mozart’s father’s wishes; only two of their six children survived

26
Q

Alex Pauk

A

Louie: Louie’s husband, a composer and conductor; they have two daughters

27
Q

Anna Magdalena Wilcke

A

Bach: Bach’s second wife, a court singer, married in 1721; sons Johann Christian and Johann Christoph

28
Q

Johann Peter Salomon

A

Haydn: in 1790 Haydn took his first trip to London, and was engaged by Salomon, a concert promoter, for a series of concerts

29
Q

Nadezhda von Meck

A

Debussy: van Meck was a rich Russian businesswoman, Tchaikowky’s patron; Debussy was employed as a piano teacher for her family

30
Q

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

A

Stravinsky: Stravinsky met Vladimir, Nikolai’s son, in law school; through this connection, Stravinsky met the master composer, who mentored him for several years

31
Q

Duke of Weimar

A

Bach: 1708-1717, Bach was his court organist and chamber musician

32
Q

Frederick the Great

A

Bach: Bach visited Frederick the Great in 1747; wrote a contrapuntal work based on a theme provided by the king: “The Musical Offering”

33
Q

Maria Anna Keller

A

Haydn: Haydn married Keller in 1760; an unhappy, childless marriage

34
Q

Empress Maria Theresa

A

Mozart: During an extensive tour across Europe, Mozart met Empress Maria Theresa at age six

35
Q

Napoleon Bonaparte

A

Beethoven: Beethoven admired Napoleon, but grew disillusioned with him; removed Napoleon’s name from the dedication of Symphony No 3, “Eroica” after he declared himself emperor

36
Q

Johann Michael Vogl

A

Schubert: Vogl was a renowned baritone, and was part of Schubert’s dedicated circle of friends and admirers

37
Q

Marie Recio

A

Berlioz: in 1844, Berlioz separated with wife Harriet Smithson and moved in with singer Marie Recio, although he still supported Harriet; following Harriet’s death, Berlioz married Marie Recio in 1854

38
Q

Rosalie (“Lilly”) Texier

A

Debussy: Debussy’s first wife, married in 1899, whom he later left

39
Q

Emma Bardac

A

Debussy: Debussy’s second wife; daughter was born 1905

40
Q

Katerina Nossenko

A

Stravinsky: Stravinsky’s first wife, a childhood friend and cousin

41
Q

Vaslav Nijinsky

A

Stravinsky: Nijinsky choreographed Stravinsky’s “The Rite of Spring”

42
Q

Vera de Boset

A

Stravinsky: Stravinsky’s second wife; married after his first wife died after a long illness

43
Q

Alexandre Benois

A

Stravinsky: Benois and Stravinsky wrote the story line for “Petrushka”

44
Q

Arthur Laurents

A

Bernstein: Laurents was the playwright for Bernstein’s “West Side Story”