Flashcards in history exam Deck (45):
era of peace and safety in the Roman Empire; roads built (50,000 miles worth)
government where ruler is not king or queen but elected by the people
great Roman writer who wrote the "Aeneid"
wealthy landowners who made up Rome's upper class
Rome's middle class; merchants
top government officials
most important law making body; group of 300 men who served for life
"Rule of Law"
laws should be applied to everyone equally and everyone should be treated equally
Carthage wanted Sicily but Rome eventually after a lot of fighting overpowered them
Rome's greatest public speaker
crazy emperor who appointed his horse as consul
"fiddled while Rome burned"
Rome's most famous building; amphitheater
farmer who was found in a field and offered emperor; fights and was victorious; stepped down after a couple of days
later known as Augustus; one of Rome's greatest emperor
large farming estates
human-made channels for carrying water
someone with complete control who only rules in crisis
general in Carthage's army who started 2nd Punic War
legend of how Rome was found?
there were two brothers names Romulus and Remus. they were found by a wolf and raised by a sheep herder. they started to build a city and Romulus built a wall. Remus made fun of his wall so Romulus killed him, finished the wall and the city, then names it after himself.
marketplace; public square
temple built to worship the Roman gods and goddesses
father of the family and head of the household
gladiator who led revolt with slaves and was victorious at first but eventually failed
money loses value
made capital Constantinople and made Christianity legal
FALL OF ROME
Byzantine emperor who gave women rights; appointed Belisarius as general to make Rome more naturally beautiful
Justinian's wife who influenced his ruling a lot
Justinian's appointed general to make Rome naturally beautiful again
artwork made of tile, stone, or glass
willing to die than give up beliefs
kicked out of church forever
to mistreat someone for any difference
Christian religious image or picture
early Christian underground burial sites
Edict of Milan
law passed that gave religious freedom to all people
what did icons do?
created the dispute between Byzantine and Greek Orthodox churches
bishop who becomes more powerful until complete leader of RCC
influential writings; one if the most important church fathers in the West
bishop who made a list of rules for monks and nuns to follow; list became known as Basilian Rule and was the model of Greek Orthodox religious life
wrote different set of rules called Benedictine Rule.
brought Christianity to Ireland