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Flashcards in history exam Deck (45):
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Pax Romana

era of peace and safety in the Roman Empire; roads built (50,000 miles worth)

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republic

government where ruler is not king or queen but elected by the people

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Virgil

great Roman writer who wrote the "Aeneid"

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patricians

wealthy landowners who made up Rome's upper class

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plebeians

Rome's middle class; merchants

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consuls

top government officials

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Senate

most important law making body; group of 300 men who served for life

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"Rule of Law"

laws should be applied to everyone equally and everyone should be treated equally

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Punic Wars

Carthage wanted Sicily but Rome eventually after a lot of fighting overpowered them

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Cicero

Rome's greatest public speaker

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Caligula

crazy emperor who appointed his horse as consul

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Nero

"fiddled while Rome burned"

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Colosseum

Rome's most famous building; amphitheater

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Cincinnatus

farmer who was found in a field and offered emperor; fights and was victorious; stepped down after a couple of days

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Octavian

later known as Augustus; one of Rome's greatest emperor

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Latifundia

large farming estates

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aqueducts

human-made channels for carrying water

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dictator

someone with complete control who only rules in crisis

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Hannibal

general in Carthage's army who started 2nd Punic War

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legend of how Rome was found?

there were two brothers names Romulus and Remus. they were found by a wolf and raised by a sheep herder. they started to build a city and Romulus built a wall. Remus made fun of his wall so Romulus killed him, finished the wall and the city, then names it after himself.

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forum

marketplace; public square

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Pantheon

temple built to worship the Roman gods and goddesses

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paterfamilias

father of the family and head of the household

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Spartacus

gladiator who led revolt with slaves and was victorious at first but eventually failed

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inflation

money loses value

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Constantine

made capital Constantinople and made Christianity legal

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FALL OF ROME

476 AD

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Justinian

Byzantine emperor who gave women rights; appointed Belisarius as general to make Rome more naturally beautiful

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Theodora

Justinian's wife who influenced his ruling a lot

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Belisarius

Justinian's appointed general to make Rome naturally beautiful again

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mosaics

artwork made of tile, stone, or glass

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martyr

willing to die than give up beliefs

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excommunication

kicked out of church forever

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schism

separation

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persecute

to mistreat someone for any difference

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icons

Christian religious image or picture

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catacombs

early Christian underground burial sites

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Edict of Milan

law passed that gave religious freedom to all people

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what did icons do?

created the dispute between Byzantine and Greek Orthodox churches

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pope

bishop who becomes more powerful until complete leader of RCC

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Augustine

influential writings; one if the most important church fathers in the West

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Basil

bishop who made a list of rules for monks and nuns to follow; list became known as Basilian Rule and was the model of Greek Orthodox religious life

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Benedict

wrote different set of rules called Benedictine Rule.

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Patrick

brought Christianity to Ireland

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Schism between RCC and Greek Orthodox Churches

how church was to be run
Pope claimed head of all Christian churches but Byzantines believed patriarch of Constantinople and other bishops were equal
pope and patriarch will excommunicate each other and begin another schism