History Of Health Care Flashcards Preview

Principles Of Health Science > History Of Health Care > Flashcards

Flashcards in History Of Health Care Deck (46):
1

Invented the polio vaccine

Jonas Salk

2

Came up with the smallpox vaccine

Edward Jenner

3

First mammal cloned

Dolly the Sheep

4

Isolated radium later used to treat cancer

Marie Curie

5

Developed public hygiene

Romans

6

Responsible for the invention of antiseptic

Joseph Lister

7

Reformed the nursing profession

Clara Barton

8

Discovered x rays

William Roentgen

9

What does the "x" in X-ray mean?

Unknown

10

Came from foxglove to treat fast heart rate

Digitalis

11

Came from bark of tree to treat malaria

Quinine

12

Came from opium poppy to treat severe pain

Morphine

13

Belief that illnesses were caused by demons and spirits

Egyptian time period

14

Small pox and bubonic plague were terrible epidemics

Dark ages

15

Immunizations, antibiotics, and transplants become common

1945 to 1975

16

Discovered by doing research on mummies

Arthritis
Kidney Stones
Arteriosclerosis

17

Purpose of agency of accreditation is to ______

Make sure doctors and other health professionals are truly certified and eligible to practice medicine

18

Agency that oversees the nation's health care

DHHS

19

CDC

Center for Disease Control

20

Patients rights

Ability to say no

21

What does the future of health care include?

- continue to emphasis wellness and prevention
- services of the future: nutritional advice, stress reduction counseling, habit cessation management, exercise instruction

22

AIDS

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome

23

MD

Medical Doctor

24

Certification

Documentation of having met certain standards

25

AMA

American Medical Association

26

Profession

Occupation that requires specialized knowledge and training

27

Registration

Official record that an individual is qualified to perform certain services

28

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Hazard Administration

29

Licensure

Legal permission to perform an activity

30

Quackery

Treatment that pretends to cure a disease

31

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

32

Litigation

Legal dispute

33

Accreditation

Official authorization or approval

34

Influences of Health care in the U.S.

State of the economy
Values of society
Law of supply and demand
Technological developments

35

Paraprofessional

Worker who assists a professional in the performing of their duties

36

Home Health Care

Provides care in the home of the patient

37

Hospice care

Provides medical and psychological care for the terminally ill and their family

38

Outpatient care facility

Provides surgical, diagnostic, and ambulatory care

39

General hospital

Provides short term care, acute care, diagnostic and rehabilitative care

40

Long term care center

Provides personal care for elderly and extended convalescent care

41

Technologist

3-4 college program typically required

42

Technician

2 year community college or vocational training program typically required

43

Professional

A 4 year degree, advanced degree, and clinical training typically required

44

Aide

On the job training required minimum

45

Assistant

Up to 1 year of classroom and clinical preparation typically required

46

Father of medicine

Hippocrates