Flashcards in Hit Parade 1-3 Deck (215):
to lessen in intensity or degree
interest in the author's home abated as her novels waned in popularity
an expression of praise
for their exceptional bravery the firefighters received accolades from both local and national officials
dealing with, appreciative of, or responsible to art or the beautiful
There are practical as well as aesthetic reasons for planting trees.
to make better or more tolerable
trying to ameliorate the suffering of people who have lost their jobs
one who practices rigid self-denial, especially as an act of religious devotion
“That's where Cindy draws the line. That's probably a real good idea,” he says. Mattsson, ascetic for a bachelor, imposes the same rule on himself. LeBeau, who has never been married, is much less restrained.
greed, especially for wealth (adj. form avaricious)
The corporate world is plagued by avarice and a thirst for power.
a universally recognized principle; a maxim widely accepted on its intrinsic merit
one of the key axioms of the theory of evolution
to grow rapidly or flourish
the burgeoning trees
rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants; of the country or country life
Pine Ridge … . Its generic blandness and vaguely bucolic quality anticipated similar names—the Oak Parks and River Groves and Lake Forests and Chestnut Hills
a gathering of dissonant sounds
an established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature
a belief or set of beliefs that is accepted by the members of the group without being questioned or doubted
These new findings challenge the current dogma in the field.
severe criticism or punishment
The author castigated the prime minister as an ineffective leader.
reaction without itself changing; a person or thing that causes change
burning or stinging, causing corrosion
The chemical was so caustic that it ate through the pipes.
wary, cautious, sparing; hesitant and vigilant about dangers and risks
chary investors who weren't burned by the dot-com bust
appealing forcibly to the mind or reason; (of an argument or case) clear, logical, and convincing.
the results of the DNA fingerprinting were the most cogent evidence for acquittal
the willingness to comply with the wishes of others
friendly; being pleasant and at ease in talking to others
a lively and affable young fellow
argumentative, quarrelsome, causing controversy or disagreement
regretful; penitent; seeking forgiveness (noun form: contrition)
being contrite is not enough to spare you an arrest if you're caught shoplifting
He's more culpable than the others because he's old enough to know better.
smallness in quantity or number; scarcity; a lack
there was a dearth of usable firewood at the campsite
to question or oppose; to politely refuse to accept a request or suggestion
pretend Bartleby quote:
"But again Bartleby would demur, I prefer not to."
intending to teach a lesson
cautious reserve in speech; the ability to make responsible decisions
free of bias or self-interest; impartial
expressing a rigid opinion based on unproved or improvable principles
a critic's dogmatic insistence that abstract expressionism is the only school of 20th century art worthy of serious study
the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts and feelings
Team of Rivals. "Thiis horrific train of events transformed Stanton's spirit. his natural ebullience faded."
intended for or understood by a small, specific group
the article was esoteric in nature; no one but those deep in the engineering community could truly understand its weight
composed of elements drawn from various sources
her tastes in music were so eclectic that one could see her at an international music festival and a rock concert in the same day
soothing, esp. to the skin; making less harsh; mollifying; an agent that softens or soothes the skin
an emollient hand lotion
to make (someone) less angry : to calm (someone) down
All attempts to mollify the extremists have failed.
originating in or based on observation or experience
guidelines for raising children are based on empirical evidence
relating to matters of fact or practical affairs often to the exclusion of intellectual or artistic matters : practical as opposed to idealistic
His pragmatic view of public education comes from years of working in city schools.
mysterious; obscure; difficult to understand (noun form: enigma)
To his friends, he was always something of an enigma.
fleeting, temporary, only lasting a short time
the autumnal blaze of colors is always to be treasured, all the more so because it is so ephemeral
a speech honoring the dead (verb: form eulogize)
to remove blame
the culprit was exonerated of his crime when it was discovered that the victim disappeared because she had run away of her own volition
used to describe speech that is meant to be funny but that is usually regarded as annoying, silly, or not proper
a facetious and tasteless remark about people in famine-stricken countries being spared the problem of overeating
an invalid or incorrect notion; a mistaken belief
The fallacy of their ideas about medicine soon became apparent.
done with or expressive of stealth : sly
We exchanged furtive smiles across the table
sociable; outgoing; enjoying the company of other people
a gregarious child who ran up to every person on the playground and wanted to be their friend
a speech addressed to a public assembly; a ranting speech or writing
He delivered a long harangue about the evils of popular culture.
violating accepted dogma or convention (noun form: heresy)
The church regards them as heretics
an exaggerated statement; often used as a figure of speech
"enough food to feed a whole army” is a common example of hyperbole
having very little or no money usually habitually
they were so impecunious that they couldn't afford to give one another even token Christmas gifts
beginning to come into being or become apparent
I have an incipient dislike and distrust of that guy, and I only met him this morning.
unmoving, lethargic, sluggish; lacking the ability to move
an inert and lifeless body
of, relating to, or characterized by laziness or lack of energy : feeling or affected by lethargy
The patient is weak and lethargic.
producing no injury : harmless
not likely to give offense or to arouse strong feelings or hostility; inoffensive
He told a few innocuous jokes.
characterized by refusal to compromise or to abandon an extreme position or attitude; uncompromising
He has remained intransigent in his opposition to the proposal.
to persuade someone to do something in a clever or deceptive way
We inveigled the information from him.
sad, sullen, melancholy
He became morose and withdrawn and would not talk to anyone.
evoking intense aversion or dislike
not letting light through : not transparent; also, difficult to understand
the opaque water of the muddy river
the act or state of swinging back and forth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm (verb form: oscillate)
the sound wave oscillated at a wavelength///
penny-pinching; excessively thrifty; ungenerous
The penurious school system had to lay off several teachers.
extremely harmful; potentially causing death; causing great harm or damage often in a way that is not easily seen or noticed
More pernicious still has been the acceptance of the author's controversial ideas by the general public.
read; especially : to read over in an attentive or leisurely manner
He perused the newspaper over breakfast.
extremely reverent or devout; showing strong religious devotion (noun from: piety)
They lived a quiet, pious life.
one that precedes and indicates or announces another
18th-century lyric poets like Robert Burns were precursors of the Romantics
to dress up; to primp; to groom oneself (chiefly british: pin)
abundant in size, force, or extent; exciting amazement or wonder
a prodigious supply of canned food kept in the basement for emergencies
producing large volumes or amounts; marked by abundant inventiveness or productivity
a famously prolific author who could produce several works of fiction and nonfiction a year
to rot; to decay and give off a foul odor (adj. form: putrid)
we traced the bad smell to a dead skunk putrefying under the house
to drink deeply; to drink a large amount of something quickly
We stopped at a bar and quaffed a few beers.
stillness; motionlessness; quality of being at rest (adj. form quiescent)
was struck by the elk's quiescence as it just stood there in the clearing
awe-inspiring; worthy of honor
authoritative permission or approval; a penalty intended to enforce compliance; to give permission or authority to
a literary work that ridicules or criticizes a human vice through humor or derision
the feeling that people express when they criticize and laugh at someone or something in an insulting way
The team's awful record has made it an object of derision in the league.
sordid; wretched and dirty as from neglect
The family lived in squalid conditions.
indifferent to or unaffected by pleasure or pain; steadfast
after waiting six years for permission to immigrate to the U.S., the family is stoic about a six-month postponement
to take the place of; to supersede
old traditions that were fading away and being supplanted by modern ways
lethargic; sluggish; dormant (noun form: torpor)
a torpid sloth that refused to budge off its tree branch
existing everywhere at the same time; constantly encountered; widespread
by that time cell phones had become ubiquitous, and people had long ceased to be impressed by the sight of one
sophisticated; refined; elegant; notably polite or polished in manner
a gentlemanly and urbane host of elegant dinner parties
to defame; to characterize harshly
claimed that she had been vilified by the press because of her conservative views
viscous syrup that takes forever to pour from a narrow-neck bottle
(noun) the fifth and highest element in ancient and medieval philosophy that permeates all nature and is the substance composing the celestial bodies; the essence of a thing in its purest and most concentrated form; the most typical example or representative
the Parthenon in Greece was considered the quintessence of the perfectly proportioned building
an illuminated usually fiber-optic flexible or rigid tubular instrument for visualizing the interior of a hollow organ or part (as the bladder or esophagus) for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes that typically has one or more channels to enable passage of instruments
having little substance or strength; flimsy; weak
The local theater has had a tenuous existence in recent years.
a long and extremely critical speech; a harsh denunciation
He went into a tirade about the failures of the government.
fleeting; brief; passing especially quickly into and out of existence : transitory
had transient thoughts of suicide but never acted on them
fervent; ardent; devoted to a cause (a zealot is a zealous person)
The detective was zealous in her pursuit of the kidnappers.
the essential or central part; core
finally got to the pith of the discussion
precise and brief; using few words in a clever and effective way
The book is filled with pithy sayings about love and loss.
overly concerned with the trivial details of learning or education; show-offish about one's knowledge
to yearn intensely; to languish; to lose vigor
having the tendency to permeate or spread throughout; existing in or spreading through every part of something
television's pervasive influence on our culture
to diffuse through or penetrate something
A feeling of anxiety permeated the office as we rushed to meet the deadline.
to illegally use or produce
to appease; to calm by making concessions
the act or an instance of conceding (as by granting something as a right, accepting something as true, or acknowledging defeat)
a superficial remark; esp. one offered as meaningful; dull; insipid
His speech was filled with familiar platitudes about the value of hard work and dedication.
not interesting or exciting : dull or boring
While it is fashionable to write off that decade as an insipid time, one long pajama party, the '50s, in sport at least, were a revolutionary age.
to plunge or drop straight down
an unnecessarily polemical look at the supposed incompatibility between science and religion
recklessly wasteful; extravagant; profuse; lavish
the prodigal child always spent her allowance the minute she got it
pouring forth liberally
He offered profuse apologies for being late.
to grow or increase swiftly and abundantly
rumors about the incident proliferated on the Internet
questions; inquiries; doubts in the mind; reservations
prone to complaining or grumbling; peevish
fretful; marked by ill temper
I would rather figure things out on my own than ask that peevish librarian for help.
characterized by bitter, long-lasting resentment
a rancorous autobiography in which the author heaps blame on just about everyone who had the misfortune of knowing him
having or showing a desire to cause harm to another person
the novel grossly oversimplified the conflict as a struggle between relentlessly malevolent villains on one side and faultless saints on the other
difficult to manage; obstinately defiant of authority
a heart-to-heart talk with the recalcitrant youth revealed that he had a troubled life at home
refusing to change your behavior or your ideas
his obstinate refusal to obey
to disown; to refuse to have anything to do with
a generation that has repudiated the values of the past
to invalidate; to repeal; to retract
The navy rescinded its ban on women sailors.
marked by, feeling, or expressing a feeling of profound awe and respect (noun form: reverence)
a reverent crowd of worshippers
promoting health or well-being
fresh air and exercise are always salubrious
able to meet financial obligations
He couldn't stay solvent after losing his business.
seeming true, but actually being fallacious; misleadingly attractive; plausible but false
He justified his actions with specious reasoning.
lacking authenticity or validity; false; counterfeit
a spurious Picasso painting that wouldn't have fooled an art expert for a second
a court order requiring appearance and/or testimony
exceeding what is sufficient or necessary; "extra"
cleared off all the superfluous stuff on his desk to make room for the new computer
an overabundant supply; excess; to feed or supply to excess
ended up with a surfeit of volunteers who simply got in each other's way
the quality of adherence or persistence to something valued; not easily stopped or pulled apart : firm or strong (adj. form: tenacious)
f there is a particular tenacity in Islamist forms of terrorism today, this is a product not of Islamic scripture but of the current historical circumstance that many Muslims live in places of intense political conflict.
relevant to the subject at hand
my personal opinion isn't germane to our discussion of the facts of the case
pompous speech or expression (adj. form: grandiloquent)
the predictably wearisome grandiloquence of the speeches at a political convention
rendered trite or commonplace by frequent usage
calm and peaceful
during those early halcyon years the company's potential for growth seemed unlimited
not interesting or effective because of being used too often
by the time the receiving line had ended, the bride and groom's thanks sounded trite and tired
devotion to pleasurable pursuits, especially to the pleasures of the senses (a hedonist is someone who pursues pleasure)
their spring break trip to Mexico became an exercise in heedless hedonism
the consistent dominance of one state or ideology over others
They discussed the national government's hegemony over their tribal community.
one who attacks or undermines traditional conventions or institutions
notorious as an iconoclast, that music critic isn't afraid to go after sacred cows
given to intense or excessive devotion to something (noun form: idolatry)
revealing no emotion
marked by extreme calm, impassivity, and steadiness
Although he seems outwardly imperturbable, he can get very angry at times.
not capable of being appeased or significantly changed
He has an implacable hatred for his political opponents.
immunity from punishment or penalty
she mistakenly believed that she could insult people with impunity
in an initial stage; not fully formed
inchoate feelings of affection for a man whom she had, up till now, thought of as only a friend
the condition of being untruthful; dishonesty
highly fictionalized “memoirs” in which the facts were few and the mendacities many
one who hates all other humans (adj. form: misanthropic)
a former misanthrope who now professes a newly discovered love of mankind
to make or become less severe or intense
Emergency funds are being provided to help mitigate the effects of the disaster.
unyielding; hardhearted; intractable; stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing
the obdurate refusal of the crotchety old man to let the neighborhood kids retrieve their stray ball from his backyard
subject to whims, crankiness, or ill temper
a crotchety old man
exhibiting a fawning attentiveness
to obstruct or block
disgrace; contempt; scorn
the profession of teaching or instructing
the derivation of pleasure from the infliction of physical or mental pain either on others or on oneself
pleasure in being abused or dominated : a taste for suffering
a sexual perversion in which gratification is obtained by the infliction of physical or mental pain on others (as on a love object); delight in cruelty
keen, accurate judgement or insight
to reduce purity by combining with inferior ingredients; to make (something, such as a food or drink) impure or weaker by adding something of poor quality
The company is accused of adulterating its products with cheap additives.
to combine several elements into a whole (noun form: amalgamation)
They amalgamated the hospital and the university.
to state as a fact; to declare or assert
“I am innocent,” he averred.
to provide support or reinforcement
a convincing argument that was bolstered by the speaker's reputation
pompous; grandiloquent (noun form: bombast)
a bombastic speech intended to impress the voters in her congressional district
a harsh denunciation
The article is a diatribe against mainstream media.
to disguise or conceal; to mislead
he dissembled happiness at the news that his old girlfriend was getting married—to someone else
tending to disappear like vapor; vanishing
beauty that is as evanescent as a rainbow
to make worse or more severe
The proposed factory shutdown would only exacerbate our unemployment problems.
greatly emotional or zealous (noun form: fervor)
a fervent speech that called for tolerance and compassion for those who are different
happening by accident or chance (good)
You could not have arrived at a more fortuitous time.
having an insatiable appetite for an activity or pursuit; ravenous
He has a voracious appetite.
extremely harmful or poisonous; bitterly hostile or antagonistic
The country seemed to be returning to the virulent nationalism of its past.
fierce and cruel; ready to fight
die-hard fans who became truculent and violent after their team's loss
winding, twisting; excessively complicated
a force that causes rotation
a car engine delivers torque to the drive shaft
the process of combining parts to make a whole
to block; thwart
to stun; baffle
characterized by filth, grime, or squalor
he managed to rise above the sordid streets upon which he grew up
concerned and attentive, eager
a most solicitous husband, he had already cleaned the house and cooked dinner by the time his wife returned home from work
quiet; reserved; reluctant to express thoughts and feelings
the panel decided to investigate the fraud charges against the company, which has always been reticent about its internal operations
to forcibly assign; esp. to a lower place or position
some psychologists argue that the syndrome should be relegated to a different class of autism
to disprove; to successfully argue against
to retract; esp. to a previously held belief; renounce
the Inquisition forced Galileo to recant his support of the Copernican observation that the earth revolves around the sun
misgivings; reservations; causes for hesitancy
to deliberately avoid the truth; to mislead
during the hearings the witness was willing to prevaricate in order to protect his friend
foreknowledge of events; knowing of events prior to their occurring (adj. form: prescient)
most believers would probably agree that complete prescience is one of God's attributes
a disposition in favor of something; preference
to cause to happen before anticipated or required
precipitate a scandal that would cause his expulsion
acting with excessive hast or impulse; exhibiting violent or unwise speed (falling, flowing, or rushing with steep descent)
to babble meaninglessly; to talk in an empty and idle manner
acutely perceptive; having keen discernment (noun form: perspicacity)
she was perspicacious in choosing a mate, she had been through horrible previous relationships and was unwilling to waste any time on something that would not work
done without care or interest
the violinist delivered a perfunctory performance that displayed none of the passion and warmth he was once known for
intentional breach of faith; treachery (adj. form perfidious)
he decided to forgive his wife's perfidy, choosing to ascribe it to a moment of uncharacteristic weakness
recurrent through the year or many years; happening repeatedly; continuing without interruption
her perennial pessimism was really starting to annoy her coworkers
a humorous imitation intended for ridicule or comic effect, esp. in literature and art
a song or him of praise and thanksgiving
To anticipate and make unnecessary
Brushing regularly should obviate the need for frequent trips to the dentist
Lacking sharpness of intellect; not clear or precise in thought or expression
Forgive me for being obtuse, but I wish you'd explain that to me again
Harmful; injurious (esp. Morally corrupting)
A noxious new breed of humor in which graphic depictions of torture are presented as entertainment
A new word, usage, or expression; the creation or use of new words or senses
Vague; cloudy; lacking clearly defined form
Coming into being; in early developmental stages
One of the leading figures in the nascent civil rights movement
Of the world; typical or concerned with the ordinary
The quality of being generously noble in mind and heart, esp. in forgiving
To praise highly
She was lauded in her efforts
Easily angered; prone to temperamental outbursts
Forced to endure a memorably irascible boss on her first job after college
Accustomed to accepting something undesirable
The hardship of army training inured her to the rigors of desert warfare
To loudly attack of denounce
Artless; frank and candid
Improvised; done without preparation
Caught by surprise, I had to make an extemporaneous speech at the awards banquet
Urgent; pressing; requiring immediate action or attention
Started his workday with a flood of exigent matters that required his quick decision
(Verb) exonerate; to clear of blame
(Noun) Dissatisfaction and restlessness resulting from boredom or apathy
The kind of ennui that comes from having too much time on one's hands and too little will to find something productive to do
To weaken; to reduce in vitality
Extreme boldness; presumptuousness
The little squirt had the effrontery to deny eating any cookies, even with the crumbs still on his lips
To undeceive; to set right
Let me disabuse you of your foolish notions about married life
Complex or complicated
Trickery or subterfuge
The candidate only won the election through chicanery
A deceptive device or stratagem
propagandists who use a kind of photographic subterfuge, superimposing one image on another to create a false "reality"
To criticize severely; to officially rebuke
He was censured by the committee for his failure to report the problem
Inclined to change one's mind impulsively; fickle
Following or in agreement with accepted, traditional standards (noun form: canon)
To ease or lessen; to appease or pacify
A mother cooing to her toddler and assuaging his fear of the dark
Eager and enthusiastic willingness
Having just acquired his driver's license that morning, the teen agreed with alacrity to drive his cousin to the airport