Honors chemistry final: Gas laws Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Honors chemistry final: Gas laws Deck (11)
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1
Q

Kinetc molecular theory

A
  • gases are composed of tiny particles called molecules that move in a rapid, random, straight line motion
  • they collide with eachother and the walls of their container
  • they only make up 1/1000th of the volume their in, the rest is empty space
2
Q

Boyles law

A

the volume and preassureof a sample of gas are inversely related at a constant temperature

3
Q

Charels law

A

the volume and temperature of a sample of gas are directly related at constant preassure

4
Q

Daltons law

A

each gas moves all through the entire container; the volume of each gas is equal to the total volume of the container

5
Q

Gay lussacs law

A

the pressure and temperature of a sample of gas are directly porportional at constant volume

6
Q

Preassure

A

the force exerted per unit of surface area

7
Q

standard preassure

A

the normal preassure of the atmosphere at sea level on a fair weather day

8
Q

temperature

A

average kenetic energy

9
Q

as molecules move faster

A

the temperature increases

10
Q

absolute zero

A

the lowest temperature possible; nothing moves

11
Q

ideal gas law

A

PV=nRT