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Flashcards in Hormones Deck (9)
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Follicle Stimulating Hormone

Regulates the menstrual cycle and sperm production.

Produced and released in the anterior pituitary.

Target organ is the testes and ovaries.

1

Cortisol

Produced and released by the adrenal cortex.

Target organs are the kidneys and liver.

Function is to increase blood glucose levels and works as an anti inflammatory.

2

Prolactin

Released and produced in the anterior pituitary.

Target organ are the mammary glands.

Produces milk and works with oxytocin.

3

Antidiuretic Hormone

Produced in the hypothalamus.
Released by the posterior pituitary.

Manages water and salt content in the body.

Target organs are the kidneys, sweat glands, and blood vessels.

4

Oxytocin

Produced in the hypothalamus.
Released by the posterior pituitary.

Ejects milk and prepares for childbirth.

Target organs are the uterus and mammary glands.

5

Catecholamine
A.K.A. Adrenaline

Produced in the medulla.
Released by the hypothalamus.

Target organs are the liver, heart, muscles, and lungs.

Stimulates nervous system in the fight or flight response.

6

Calcitriol

Produced and released by the thyroid.

Target organ is the blood, kidneys, and bone.

It lowers Ca in blood and stimulates osteoblasts.

7

Calcitonin

Produced by the kidneys.

Released by the parathyroid.

Target organ is the GI tract.

It regulates Ca levels in the blood and stimulates calcitriol is it is too high.

8

Human Growth Hormone

Produced and released by the anterior pituitary.

Target organ is the liver.

It functions in protein synthesis and growth.