Hormones, Chapter 18 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology Term 1 > Hormones, Chapter 18 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hormones, Chapter 18 Deck (17):
1

Melatonin

pineal gland
located in the central portion of the brain
promotes sleep

2

tetraiodothyronine T4

thyroid gland
containing four atoms of iodine, more concentrated in blood
maintain metabolism

3

triiodothyroine T3

thyroid gland
containing three atoms of iodine, more concentrated in the cells
maintain metabolism

4

parathyroid hormone PTH

parathyroid glands
parathormone
mobolizes calcium from bones to the blood stream

5

corticosteroids

adrenal cortex
three types

glucocorticoids, cortisol
mineralocorticoids
sex hormones, androgens, estrogens

6

catecholamines

adrenal medulla
two types of sympathomimetic agents

epinephrine
norepinephrine

7

insulin

pancreas
islets of langerhans, islet cells
produced by beta cells to lower blood sugar
glucose to glycogen

8

glucagon

pancreas
islets of langerhans islet cells
produced by alpha cells to raise blood sugar
glycogen to glucose

9

hypophysis

pituitary gland

10

somatotropin STH

anterior pituitary gland, adenohypophysis
also known as, growth hormone GH
promotes protein synthesis

11

thyroid stimulating hormone TSH

anterior pituitary gland, adenohypophysis
also known as, thyrotropin
stimulates secretion of T3, and T4

12

adrenocorticotropic hormone ACTH

anterior pituitary gland, adenohypophysis
also known as, adrenocorticotropin
stimulates secretion of steroid hormones (primarily corisol)

13

gonadotropic hormones

anterior pituitary gland, adenohypophysis
stimulates growth and hormone secretion or the overies in females, and testes in males.

follicle-stimulating hormone FSH
luteinizing hormone LH

14

prolactin PRL

anterior pituitary gland, adenohypophysis
stimulates breast development, and milk production

15

antidiuretic hormone ADH

posterior pituitary gland, neurohypophysis
stimulates the reabsorption of water by the kidney
also known as, vasopressin

16

oxytocin OT

posterior pituitary gland, neurohypophysis
stimulates uterine contractions, and maintains labor and milk production

17

aldosterone

adrenal cortex
a mineralcorticoid
regulates the concentration of mineral salts, electrolytes