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Flashcards in House of Lords Deck (23):
1

What is the House of Lords?

Unelected chamber which is responsible for reviewing and scrutinizing legislation.

2

What is the Legislature comprised of?

- House of Commons
- House of Lords
- Queen

3

How are members of the House of Lords appointed?

By the Queen on the advice of the PM

4

What are non-party-political members?

Members of House of Lords not affiliated with any political group.

5

Which body is responsible for appointing non-party-political members to HoL?

House of Lords Appointments Commission.

6

Other responsibilities which House of Lords Appointments Commission have?

- Recommends individuals for appointment as non-party-political life peers.
- Vets nominations for life peers

7

What is a life peer?

Peers whose titles cannot be inherited

8

What is a bicameral legislature?

Legislatures with two chambers.

9

Advantages of HoL being unelected?

- Less accountability
- Greater independence to scrutinize government legislation.

10

Main legislation that relates to HoL?

- Parliament Act 1911
- Parliament Act 1949
- House of Lords Act 1999
- Constitutional Reform Act 2005

11

Parliament Act 1911

Removed power to veto bill from HoL

12

Parliament Act 1949

- Reduced Lords powers of delay to 1 year.
- Consent not required for money bills.

13

Constitutional Reform Act 2005

- Increased separation of powers, Lord Chancellor no longer speaker for HoL.

14

Role of the speaker within HoL?

- Ensures security of House
- Acts as ambassador for house
- Offers procedural advice
- Chairs committee of whole house

15

Money Bill

Bills designed to raise capital through taxes

16

Public Bill

Proposals for primary legislation that applies to general public

17

Private members bill

Non-Govt sponsored bills introduced by non-ministerial MPs

18

Private Bills

Bills which only impact particular people

19

House of Lords Act 1999

Ended voting rights for hereditary peers. Reduced their numbers down to 92.

20

Key Cases;

Jackson v Attorney General

21

Responsibilities of HoL?

Debating matters of public interest
Reviewing Govt legislation
Scrutinizes executive
Used to be Supreme Court of Appeal

22

Salisbury Convention

States that the Lords will not vote down a Bill that seeks to enact a manifesto pledge on which a government was elected. Means the lords will submit to the will of the Govt of the day, rather than attempt to vote them down at second or third reading.

23

Jackson v Attorney General

Govt introduced Hunting Act which was opposed by HoL. They used Parliament Act 1949 to prevent opposition from HoL. Claimant asserted that Hunting Act 2004 was invalid, as Parliament Act 1949 was unlawful. It was held that Parliament acts should be considered enacted law and therefore the Hunting Act 2004 is valid.