Flashcards in House of Lords Deck (23):
What is the House of Lords?
Unelected chamber which is responsible for reviewing and scrutinizing legislation.
What is the Legislature comprised of?
- House of Commons
- House of Lords
How are members of the House of Lords appointed?
By the Queen on the advice of the PM
What are non-party-political members?
Members of House of Lords not affiliated with any political group.
Which body is responsible for appointing non-party-political members to HoL?
House of Lords Appointments Commission.
Other responsibilities which House of Lords Appointments Commission have?
- Recommends individuals for appointment as non-party-political life peers.
- Vets nominations for life peers
What is a life peer?
Peers whose titles cannot be inherited
What is a bicameral legislature?
Legislatures with two chambers.
Advantages of HoL being unelected?
- Less accountability
- Greater independence to scrutinize government legislation.
Main legislation that relates to HoL?
- Parliament Act 1911
- Parliament Act 1949
- House of Lords Act 1999
- Constitutional Reform Act 2005
Parliament Act 1911
Removed power to veto bill from HoL
Parliament Act 1949
- Reduced Lords powers of delay to 1 year.
- Consent not required for money bills.
Constitutional Reform Act 2005
- Increased separation of powers, Lord Chancellor no longer speaker for HoL.
Role of the speaker within HoL?
- Ensures security of House
- Acts as ambassador for house
- Offers procedural advice
- Chairs committee of whole house
Bills designed to raise capital through taxes
Proposals for primary legislation that applies to general public
Private members bill
Non-Govt sponsored bills introduced by non-ministerial MPs
Bills which only impact particular people
House of Lords Act 1999
Ended voting rights for hereditary peers. Reduced their numbers down to 92.
Jackson v Attorney General
Responsibilities of HoL?
Debating matters of public interest
Reviewing Govt legislation
Used to be Supreme Court of Appeal
States that the Lords will not vote down a Bill that seeks to enact a manifesto pledge on which a government was elected. Means the lords will submit to the will of the Govt of the day, rather than attempt to vote them down at second or third reading.