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A/P II Lab > Human Brain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Human Brain Deck (42)
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1

Brain stem
Medulla oblongata (37)

Function
-respiration, blood pressure

2

Brain stem
Medulla oblongata
Pyramids (39)

Function
-decussation of spinal motor tracts

3

Brain stem
Pons (36)

Function
-sensory relay center, respiration

4

Midbrain
Cerebral peduncles (33)

Function
-descending motor tracts from cerebrum to brainstem

5

Midbrain
Corpora quadrigemina (31)

-composed of two bumps: superior colliculi and inferior colliculi

6

Midbrain
Superior colliculi (31)

Function
-visual reflexes

7

Midbrain
Inferior colliculi (31)

Function
-auditory reflexes

8

Cerebellum
Cerebellar peduncles
superior (36F)

Function
-nerve tracts connecting cerebellum to midbrain

9

Cerebellum
Cerebellar peduncles
middle (36G)

Function
-nerve tracts connecting cerebellum to pons

10

Cerebellum
Cerebellar peduncles
inferior (36H)

Function
-nerve tracts connecting cerebellum to medulla oblongata

11

Cerebellum
Arbor vitae (35D)

Function
-nerve tracts within the cerebellum (tree looking thing)

12

Cerebellum
Vermis (35A)

Function
-controls posture and locomotion

13

Diencephalon
Thalamus (19)

Function
-relays sensory information to cerebral cortex

14

Diencephalon
Interthalamic adhesion (22)

Function
-connection between thalamic hemispheres

15

Diencephalon
Epithalamus

behind thalamus

16

Diencephalon
Epithalamus
Pineal gland (23)

Function
-biorhythm controls

17

Diencephalon
Epithalamus
Habenula

Function
-emotional response to odors
Ridge that connects 19-23

18

Diencephalon
Hypothalamus (21)

Function
-central control for endocrine system

19

Diencephalon
Hypothalamus
Mammillary body (24)

Function
-olfactory reflexes

20

Diencephalon
Infundibulum (whit stalk)

Function
-connects pituitary gland to hypothalamus

21

Diencephalon
Pituitary gland (25)

Function
-secretes endocrine hormones

22

Cerebrum
Frontal lobe (1)

Function
-intellect, human consciousness, reasoning

23

Cerebrum
Parietal lobe (2)

Function
-receives and evaluates "touch" sensory information

24

Cerebrum
Temporal lobe (3)

Function
-receives and evaluates smell, taste, and hearing
-mediates memory

25

Cerebrum
Occipital lobe (4)

Function
-receives and integrates visual input

26

Cerebrum
Longitudinal cerebral fissure

Function
-separates the left and right hemispheres of the brain

27

Cerebrum
Lateral cerebral fissure

Function
-separates temporal lobe from frontal and parietal lobes

28

Cerebrum
Transverse fissure

Function
-separates the cerebellum from the occipital lobe

29

Cerebrum
Central sulcus (5)

Function
-separates the frontal and parietal lobes

30

Cerebrum
Precentral gyrus (6)

Function
-primary motor cortex