Hypertensive Cerebrovascular Disease and Intracranial Hemorrhage Flashcards Preview

pathology of intercranial COPY > Hypertensive Cerebrovascular Disease and Intracranial Hemorrhage > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hypertensive Cerebrovascular Disease and Intracranial Hemorrhage Deck (6)
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1

What are the types of hypertensive infarcts and Hemorrhages?

Lacunar infarcts: deep penetrating arteries(occlussions) Slit hemorrhages: deep small penetrating vessels, (vascular ruptures) Hypertensive encephalopathy: withvascular (multi-infarct) dementia Intraparenchymal hemorrhage

2

What are the the types of hypertensive encephalopathy?

Acute: malignant hypertension, diffuse CNS dysfunction with headaches, confusion, seizures Chronic: multiple gray and white matter infarcts withvascular (multi-infarct) dementia

3

What are hypertensive lacunar infarcts caused by?

a single penetrating branch of a large cerebral artery

4

What are most nontraumatic intercranial hemorrhage due to?

Where does most Nontraumatic intercranial hemorhages occur?

90% are due to hypertension 

Most nontramatic intercranial hemorhages in the basal ganglia 

5

What is this ?

Nontraumatic Intercranial hypertensive hemorhage of the basal ganglia 

6

What is a Charcot (microaneurysm)?

weakening of the vascularture to the brain due to hypertension