Iatrogenic Scars & Medical Devices Flashcards Preview

(Finals) OSCE > Iatrogenic Scars & Medical Devices > Flashcards

Flashcards in Iatrogenic Scars & Medical Devices Deck (15)
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1

Axillary thoracotomy 

Muscle sparring approach to lung

  • pleurectomy
  • Pneumothorax
  • pulmonary resections 

2

Posteriolateral thoracotomy 

Most common thorax approach

  • pulmonary resections
  • oesophogeal surgery
  • chest wall resections 

3

Kocher Incision 

inferior and parrallell to costal margin

  • cholecystectomy
  • biliary tract operations 

4

Chevron / rooftop incision

inferior costal margin bilaterally

  • gastrectomy
  • oesophagectomy
  • adrenalectomy
  • hepatic resections/ transplant

5

Mercedes Benz modification scar

  • diapragmatic hernias 
  • oesophagectomy
  • gastrectomy
  • liver resections/ transplant

6

Loin 

  • renal surgery

7

Midline Laparotomy

follows linea alba, most abdominal operations an be performed this way

8

Paramedian Scar

  • spleen
  • kidney (transplant)
  • adrenal

9

Lanz (rutherford-morrison) Incision

at mcBurneys point

  • Apendectomy
  • Kidney Implant
  • colonic resection
  • signmoid colostomy / caecostomy (reversed)

10

Pfannensteil 

  • Caesarean
  • bladder
  • gynae
  • open prostate 

11

Median Sternotomy

  • CABG
  • valve
  • heart transplant
  • correction of congenital caridac defect

12

Ileostomy 

  • Right Illiac Fossa
  • "sprout" sticks out from skin
  • liquid/mostly liquid stool
  • autodigestion of skin

13

Colostomy 

  • usually LEFT illiac fossa
  • flush to skin 
  • solid / semi solid stool

Ascending colostomy be right illiac fossa

Temorary usually transvese colon- upper quadrant 

 

14

Fistula 

 

15

Great Saphenous Vein Harvest Scar

used for CABG