ICM YR1 Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ICM YR1 Part 2 Deck (14):
1

Name all the peripheral pulses

Radial
Ulnar
Brachial
Axilla
Popliteal
Posterior tibial
Dorsalis pedis

2

What does FEV1 mean?

The amount of air exhaled in the first second of forceful expiration

3

What does the FEV1/FVC ratio show?

In obstructive lung disease, FEV1 is reduced so ration will be reduced.
In restrictive lung disease FEV1 and FVC are both reduced so ratio stays the same

4

What is an obstructive lung disease?

Increased airway resistance- COPD, bronchitis, bronchiectasis, asthma

5

What score on GCS indicates severe brain injury?

8 or less

6

what is the compression to rescue breaths ration in paeds basic life support?

15:2

7

What do you do first with paeds that you don't with adult BLS?

5 rescue breaths

8

What are the questions you must ask before a cervical spine assessment?

Do you have any..
Dizziness
Double vision
Drop attacks
Dysarthia
Dysphagia
Ataxia
Nausea
Numbness
Nystagmus

9

What are the myotomes of the lumbar spine assessment you are testing?

Hip flexsion- L2
Knee extension- L3
Dorsiflexion- L4
Great toe extension- L5
Plantar flexion- S1

10

Which spinal roots are the...
Patella reflex testing?
Achilles tendon reflex testing?
(Babinski reflex testing?)

Patella- L3/4
Achilles- S1/2
(Positive Babinksi is indicative of UMN lesion)

11

What myotomes are you testing in upper limb exam?

Deltoids- C5
Lat dorsi- C6/7/8
Triceps- C7/8
Biceps- C5/6
Finger extensors- C7/8
Finger flexors- C8

12

What are the reflexes of the upper limb

Biceps-C5
Supinator-C6
Triceps-C7

13

What is Dysmetria?

overshooting the target- neuro exam, pointing past your finger

14

What is true leg length?
What is apparent leg length?

True is ASIS to medial malleolus
Apparent is umbilicus to medial malleolus