II. India's Regional/Devotional Music: 2. Manganiars of Rajasthan, "Kachi Ghuladlo" Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in II. India's Regional/Devotional Music: 2. Manganiars of Rajasthan, "Kachi Ghuladlo" Deck (29):
1

Which instruments do men's non-specialist groups in village setting typically include?

Dholak (Drums), Kartal (Bells, Clappers, Cymbals), Harmonium (Small hand pump organ).

2

What do men's groups typically sings about?

Festival songs or Hindu or Muslim devotional poetry.

3

In men's songs, what normally increases as the song progresses?

Tempo and the singers become more and more animated.

4

This area is located in northwestern India and is well known for its desert landscape. The vivid colors of men's turbans and women's flowing skirts, the ornate stone architecture of its forts and palaces, and its musicians, both traveling and settled.

Rajasthan

5

Which group of professionals from Rajasthan perform for hire and teach their repertoire orally to their children. These families have been the carriers of traditional music for centuries.

Hereditary Musicians of Rajasthan

6

What might you encounter if you visit Rajasthan?

Traveling professionals who seek out performance opportunities around the region.

7

Members of the Bhat caste are ______________, who fulfill a special niche of recording and retelling the histories of family lines. The also perform with puppets, reenacting stories of local and national heroes.

Genealogists. Who may be accompanied by a female singer from their family and a dholak (drum) player.

8

These are traveling actors who specialize in humor, slapstick, and musical parodies.

Bhands

9

These are a traveling community of acrobats and musicians who play Dhol (large barrel-drum), and brass trumpets as they act out local or romantic stories.

Nat

10

These people are snake charmers. They play specific reed wind instruments and are thought to have special powers.

Saperas

11

These are men or women who are spiritually attached to a local deity and act as local priests. They sing and accompany themselves on a bowed Ravanhattha (Bowed instrument), telling the stories of the deity and entering a trance as they perform.

Bhopas

12

Which singers perform on the streets or are employed at Sufi shrines or Hindu temples?

Devotional Music Singers

13

This category of devotional music singers have renounced their normal lief to move form village to village.

Jogi

14

Jogi (devotional music singers) used this "single string" instrument.

Ektara

15

These Rajasthan professionals work in an arrangement of stable employment. Settled in one area, they sing at weddings, births, festivals, and other occasions for specific families of patrons and received grain, clothing, and money on a seasonal basis in return. The live in the desert regions of Western Rajastahn.

Langas and the Manganiars

16

This is the bowed instrument of Langa musicians (Muslim) who sing love ballads or regional heroes and other kinds of songs. Their traditional patrons are families form a particular class, the Muslim Sindhi class of the region.

Sindhi Sarangi (Bowed instrument for Langa musicians)

17

Langas play what other instruments?

Satara (Double-barreled wooden flute), Murli (A reed wind instrument), Morchanga (A metal mouth harp), Dholak (Drum).

18

Who are the Langas?

Muslim musicians from the Rajasthan region who play the Sindhi Sarangi and play for Muslim Sindhi class.

19

Who are the Manganiars?

Closely related to the Langas, are also Muslim musicians. Manganiars play for Hindu families, which is different from the Langas who play for Muslim families.

20

Which distinctive bowed instrument do Manganiars play?

Kamicha

21

What other instruments do Manganiars play?

Dholack (Drum) or the Dhol (Large, double-sided drum) and Kartal (Wooden clappers)

22

Manganiars and Langas play a repertoire of songs classified into which two categories?

"Great and Small"

23

"Great" songs are what kind of songs?

"Great" songs are those more sophisticated in length and poetic content. The include those related to classical music, devotional songs of the medieval poets, songs in the old regional dialect, and local love ballads.

24

"Small" songs are what kind of songs?

"Small" songs consist of songs sung at festivals and life-cycle events, whose musical style is less technically demanding.

25

The Manganiars song "Kachi Ghuldalo" would be traditionally sung at what celebration?

Wedding celebration of a patron's family

26

Which instruments are predominately featured in "Kachi Ghuldalo?"

Sindhi Sarangi (Bowed instrument) and Dholack (Drum)

27

How manny beats in "Kachi Ghuldalo?"

8

28

What does the sarangi player in "Kachi Ghuldalo" add to the song?

Improvisations

29

Which individual Manganiar musician is working to create careers that balance modern professionalism and family tradition?

Mame Khan