II. India's Regional/Devotional Music: 4. Mira Bhajan, "Manade Ra Mohan" Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in II. India's Regional/Devotional Music: 4. Mira Bhajan, "Manade Ra Mohan" Deck (19):
1

What are not just places for worship, but are also centers of social and cultural life?

Hindu temples in India

2

Which hereditary drummers in Kerala belong to the high-caste who accompany dance, theater, and temple rituals?

Marars

3

Which hereditary drummers in Kerala drum for festivals among the lower castes?

Parayans (from which the term "pariah" is derived, which means outcast)

4

This drum is played at regular points in daily worship services, so Keralans associate its distinctive sound with temple rituals. This instrument is a "pressure drum' that has an hourglass-shape, hanging from the shoulder, and held horizontally and played with a single stick.

Idakka (played horizontally, not to be confused with the Chenda that is played vertically)

5

This is a music and dance now known around the world. The story of how it emerged from rural Punjab and ended up in the dance clubs of new York is a story that parallels modern Indian and the spread of its global diaspora.

Bhangra

6

What does diaspora mean?

The dispersion of any people from their original homeland.

7

This type of music and dance contains folkloric styles, that is genres based on rural music. This particular dance is characterized by its energetic beat and lyrics celebrating rural life.

Bhangra

8

What are the main instruments of Bhangra?

Punjabi Dhol (Large barrel drum held horizontally), Tumbi (A small single-stringed plucked instrument)

9

How did Bhangra inspire Western dance music?

DJs made remixes with hip-hop, house, and other dance genres.

10

Which music is performed in a religious setting or as a spiritual practice? Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, and Christians all have this particular genre of music.

Devotional Music

11

What Hindu word meaning devotion, a feeling of love and intimacy with the divine, longing for the divine presence, or the agony of separation. Is often expressed in ritual actions like in poetry and song. Originated in the Tamil region.

Bhakti (Devotion)

12

When Bhakti poems are sung, what are they called?

Bhajan

13

Many of the poets who composed Bhajans are honored as ________, people who "know the spiritual truth."

Sants

14

This Sant was born in the late 16th century to a royal family of Rajasthan. She became a devotee of Krishna. As a young women, she was given in marriage to the king of another royal household. She refused to act as a royal daughter-in-law. Her Bhajan tells of her persecution by her father-in-law, who even tried to poison her. Her poems express longing, suffering, and the ecstatic joy of pure devotion.

Mira

15

In "Manade Ra Mohan," a Langa professional group is singing whose poem?

Mira

16

In "Manade Ra Mohan," which instruments are used? These instruments are typical of many devotional genres in India.

Ektar (single-string drone instrument) Dholak (drum), Finger cymbals, and a Sindhi Sarangi (Bowed)

17

How many beats are there in "Manade Ra Mohan?"

7, in a loping cycle

18

The music in "Manade Ra Mohan" represents which desert environment of India?

Rajasthan

19

What is the overall mood in "Manade Ra Mohan?"

Longing and the joy of celebration. (Devotional Music)