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Flashcards in Il periodo ipotetico Deck (18)
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1

Consistere:

A HYPOTHETICAL construction consists of an IF CLAUSE introduced by SE, that expresses a HYPOTHESIS or CONDITION + a MAIN CLAUSE that expresses a CONSEQUENCE or RESULT.

The SE CLAUSE may either PRECEDE or FOLLOW the consequence.

2

If it's good weather tomorrow, we will go to the fashion show.

Se farà bel tempo domani, andremo alla sfilata.

3

I will call him if he doesn't get here soon.

Gli telefono se non arriva fra poco.

4

If they didn't understand, they should have told me so.

Se non capivano, dovevano dirmelo.

5

If you come tomorrow, you will find us.

Se verrete domani, ci troverete.

6

I'm only going to go to the fashion show if the weather is good.

Vado alla sfilata solo se farà bello.

(Presente to Futuro)

7

If he didn't arrive at 7:00, he won't arrive tonight.

Se non è arrivato alle 7.00, non arriverà stasera.

(Passato Prossimo to Futuro)

8

If he hasn't called I'll go back home.

Se lui non ha telefonato, io torno a casa.

(Passato Prossimo to Presente)

9

If she didn't wear the skirt, she had a good reason.

Se non ha messo la gonna, aveva i suoi buoni motivi.

(Passato Prossimo to Imperfetto)

10

If you haven't yet picked up my clothes from the tailor, go get them immediately!

Se non hai ancora ritirato i miei vestiti dal sarto, corri subito a prenderli!

(Passato Prossimo to Presente / Imperativo)

11

Periodo ipotetico della possibilità

To express a hypothetical action that MAY or MAY NOT occur, the IMPERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE is used in the SE CLAUSE and the PRESENT CONDITIONAL is used in the RESULT CLAUSE.

12

If you enrolled in the fashion class, you wouldn't regret it.

Se vi iscriveste al corso di moda, non lo rimpiangereste.

13

You would feel very satisfied if you did well in the course.

Proveresti molta soddisfazione se facessi bene nel corso.

14

If I were you, I wouldn't spend that much money on that blouse.

Se fossi in te, non spendersi così tanti soldi per quella camicia.

15

If it paid more, I would have accepted that job as a model.

Se pagasse di più, avrei acetato il lavoro da modella.

(Imperfect Subjunctive with Passato Prossimo)

16

Periodo ipotetico dell'irrealtà

To express IMPOSSIBLE or CONTRARY-TO-FACT situations, the PAST PERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE (TRAPASSATO) is used in the SE CLAUSE and the PAST CONDITIONAL is used in the RESULT CLAUSE.

17

If you had come, you would have had a good time.

Se foste venuti, vi sareste divertiti.

(Trapassato Subjunctive with Past Conditional)

18

If you had watched the television program, you'd understand about the new winter fashions.

Se avessi guardato quel programma alla televisione, ora capiresti il nuovo stile invernale.

(Trapassato Subjunctive with Conditional Present)