Indian Society Quiz ~ 11/4/16 Flashcards Preview

History > Indian Society Quiz ~ 11/4/16 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Indian Society Quiz ~ 11/4/16 Deck (38)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

Where was the Indus Valley Civilization?

A

In the Indus Valley

2
Q

Where did the Aryans come from?

A

The Northwest, traveling through mountain passes.

3
Q

Veneration

A

Special regard for cattle

4
Q

Acculturation

A

blending of two or more cultures

5
Q

Vedas

A

collection of hymns, chants, ritual instruction, religious teachings

6
Q

When was the Vedic Age?

A

1500 BC to 500 BC

7
Q

What were Rajahs?

A
  • Chiefs who led Aryan tribes
  • Most skilled war leaders
  • Elected by a assembly of warriors (bureaucracy)
8
Q

Name the rank of the Caste System (5 in total)

A
  1. Brahmins (priests)
  2. Kshatriyas (warriors)
  3. Vaisyas (Farmers, artisans, merchants)
  4. Shudras (little to no Aryan heritage)
  5. Dalits (Untouchables)
9
Q

Indra

A

God of war

10
Q

The Aryan religion was polytheistic or monotheistic?

A

Polytheistic

11
Q

Brahmin

A

all powerful soul

12
Q

Def

A

all powerful spiritual force

13
Q

T/F: One god makes up Brahmin

A

False, many gods make up Brahmin

14
Q

Name the three main forms of Brahmin

A
  1. Brahma (creator)
  2. Vishnu (preserver)
  3. Shiva (destroyer)
15
Q

Atman

A

soul

16
Q

Moksha

A

union with Brahman

17
Q

Reincarnation

A

Rebirth of the soul in another bodily form

18
Q

Karma

A

actions in one life affect fate in the next life

19
Q

Dharma

A

personal duty

20
Q

What two things involved the Caste System?

A

Religion and society

21
Q

T/F: You are born into a level of the Caste System

A

True

22
Q

What are the 4 Noble Truths?

A
  1. The truth of suffering
  2. The truth of the cause of suffering
  3. The truth of the end of suffering
  4. The truth of the path that leads to the end of suffering
23
Q

Nirvana

A

union with the universe and release from the cycle of rebirth

24
Q

Golden Age

A

period of great cultural achievement

25
Q

As far as the Golden Age: Gupta Rulers

A

They were loose and mild

26
Q

As far as the Golden Age: Gupta Economy

A

Farming and trade increased the economy

27
Q

As far as the Golden Age: Gupta Education

A

Had religious schools, taught many of the same subjects in school today

28
Q

As far as the Golden Age: Gupta Mathematics

A

Developed system of writing numbers, the concept of zero, the decimal system. (ALL ARE USED TODAY)

29
Q

As far as the Golden Age: Gupta Medicine

A

Had surgeons, physicians, used herbs and remedies to treat illness, developed vaccines

30
Q

As far as the Golden Age: Gupta Literature

A

Written in Sanskrit (from the Aryans)

31
Q

As far as the Golden Age: Empire Decline

A
  • Weak Rulers
  • Civil War
  • “White Huns” invaded from Central Asia
32
Q

Joint Family

A

family organizations with many generations sharing a common house

33
Q

T/F: Families in Indian society revolved around women

A

False, it revolved around men and most importantly the eldest male

34
Q

T/F: Sons got new homes when they got wives

A

False, the wives moved in with the son’s family

35
Q

Dowry

A

payment to the groom or his family

36
Q

Shakti

A

Creative energy only found in women

37
Q

Rebirth for women

A

Gained only by devotion to husband

38
Q

Sati

A

A ritual in which the wife joins her husband’s funeral pyre.