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Flashcards in Industrial Deck (24):
1

What year did cholera hit England?

1831

2

In what year was the smallpox vaccination developed?

1798

3

What method of preventing disease did the vaccination improve upon?

Innoculation

4

What disease did Jenner inject James Phipp with to prevent small pox?

Cow pox

5

How many more experiments did he carry out?

23

6

Give 2 reasons he faced opposition

- He couldnt explain
- Doctors were making money from innoculation

7

What year did the government make the vaccination compulsary?

1852

8

What theory did the GT prove wrong in 1861?

Miasma/Spontaneous generation

9

What job did Pasteur do and in which country?

He was a French chemist

10

In what year did Koch prove the specific germs cause specific diseases

1876

11

Name 3 germs he discovered

Anthrax,TB,Cholera

12

Name 3 vaccines that Pasteur develops

Chicken cholera,anthrax,rabies

13

In what year did Nightingale go to the Crimea?

1854

14

What changes did she make to the wards in the Crimea?

Ventilation, made it hygienic, care, sanitation

15

What 2 books did she write?

‘Notes on nursing’ & ‘Notes on hospitals’

16

What attitude did the government have in this period?

They didn’t care until the great stink effected them

17

Who wrote the report on the sanitary conditions of the labouring classes

Chadwick

18

When was the 1st public health act and what was wrong with it?

In 1848 and it wasnt compulsary

19

What did the 1st public health act reccomend?

Local board of health, cleaning streets

20

Who discovered what was causing cholera and what year?

Snow in 1854

21

Who built London’s sewer systems?

Bazzalgatte

22

When was the great stink?

1858

23

In what years were some working men allowed to vote?

1867

24

When was the 2nd Public Health Act made and how was it different?

1875 and it was compulsary