Infection Control: CDC & OSHA Flashcards Preview

Fundamentals of DH Care > Infection Control: CDC & OSHA > Flashcards

Flashcards in Infection Control: CDC & OSHA Deck (18):
1

Identify infectious diseases that pose a potential risk of transmission in oral healthcare

Not limited to: HBV, HCV, HIV, TB, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), varicella, MMR

2

Engineering controls

Eliminate or isolate hazardous exposure to blood or OPIM such as: sharps containers, and needle-retraction devices

3

Work practice controls

Methods used by the healthcare provider that result in safer behaviors such as: one-hand needle recapping or the use of PPE.

4

Direct cross-contamination

Example: when a provider touches a patient without washing their hands.

5

Indirect cross-contamination

Example: when a patient is seated on the treatment chair without having the room disinfected.

6

Critical instruments

Used to probe soft tissue or bone. Have greatest risk of transmitting disease and should be sterilized with heat.

7

Semi-critical instruments

Touch mucous membranes or non-intact skin and have a lower risk of transmission.

8

Non Critical instruments and devices

Contact only intact skin, least risk of transmission if infection. Serve as an effective barrier to microorganisms.

9

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Recommends guidelines for preventions/protection of all/public

10

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

Enforces regulations for employers/employees safety

11

U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Regulates drug administration and quality of equipment/items used

12

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Ensures proper chemical used to not harm the environment

13

Organization for Safety, Asepsis and Prevention

Advocate for safe and infection-free delivery of oral healthcare.

14

Perform hand hygiene when:

1. Beginning of the day
2. Before leaving the operatory or lab
3. Before donning gloves- exam and utility
4. After removal of gloves-exam and utility
5. When hands are visibly soiled
6. After contact with inanimate objects that may be contaminated
7. Before and after treating each patient.
8. When in doubt perform hand hygiene, 40-60 sec

15

Hand rubs must contain how much alcohol?

60% +

16

Donning process

1. Gown, 2. Mask, 3. Protective eyewear, 4. Gloves

17

Doffing process

1. Gloves, 2. Eyewear, 3. Gown, 4. Mask

18

Biological Monitoring

Ensures sterilization has taken place