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Flashcards in Infections & Treatment Deck (35)
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1

Meningitis caused by meningococci

- Benzylpenicillin or cefotaxime - Chloramphenicol

2

Meningitis caused by pneumococci

- Cefotaxime [add Dexamethasone]
- Benzylpen [ cephalosporin + vancomycin if pen allergic]

3

Meningitis caused by Listeria

- Amoxicillin [or ampicillin] + gentamicin
- Co-trimoxazole [ if pen allergic]

4

Meningitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae

- Cefotaxime [or cefriaxone]

5

Conjunctivitis

- Chloramphenicol

6

Otitis externa

- Flucloxacillin [counselling?]
- Clarithro/Azithro/Erythro -pen allergy
- Ciprofloxacin/ aminoglycoside [pseudomonas]

7

Otitis media

- Amoxicillin
- Co-amoxiclav [worsening symptoms]
- Clarithro/Erythro [Pen allergy]

8

Broad spec penicillins

Co amox, Amox, Phenoxy

9

Cephalosporins

Cefalexin & cefradine

10

Macrolides

Clar, erythro

11

Endocarditis: Initial ‘blind’ therapy

Amoxicillin/ampicillin
- Add low dose Gentamicin
- Low dose Gentamicin + Vancomycin [ If penicillin
allergic/MRSA suspected or severe sepsis]

12

Endocarditis: caused by staphylococci

- Flucloxacillin
- If pen allergy or MRSA [ Vancomycin + rifampicin]

13

Endocarditis : caused by streptococci

Benzylpenicillin sodium. If pen allergy [ vancomycin + low
dose gentamicin]

14

Blood Infection

- Piperacillin with Tazobactam/ Ticarcillin with clavulanic
acid/ Cephalosporin broad spec [ e.g Cefuroxime]
- Add Vancomycin or teicoplanin [MRSA]
- Add Metronidazole to cephalosporin [anaerobic
infection] [If other infection] use broad spec e.g
Meropenem

15

Campylobacter enteritis

Clar/azithro/Erythro -
ciprofloxacin

16

Salmonella/shigellosis/Typhoid/Biliary infection

- Ciprofloxacin, Azithromycin , cefotaxime, gentamicin

17

Clostridium difficile

Metronidazole - Vancomycin

18

Lower urinary tract infections [non pregnant women]

Nitrofurantoin or Trimethoprim [1]
Fosfomycin/ Pivmecillinam [2]

19

Lower urinary tract infections [pregnant women]

Nitrofurantoin [1]
Amoxicillin or cefalexin Catheter-pregnant : Cefalexin

20

Bacterial Vaginosis

Metronidazole [oral/topical]

21

Chlamydia

Azithromycin or Doxycycline[1],
Erythromycin

22

Gonorrhoea

Azithromycin +[I.m
ceftriaxone/cefixime/ ciprofloxacin

23

Syphillis

Benzylpenicillin , Erythro, Doxycycline
[asymptomatic]

24

Epiglottitis

Cefotaxime or cefriaxone [1],Chloramphenicol [2] -
pen allergic

25

COPD

Amoxicillin/clar/dox [1], co-amoxiclav, levofloxacin
or co-trimoxazole [2]

26

Cough,acute

Doxycycline [1] or amox, Clar or erythro.
Pregnancy [ amox or erythro] [1]

27

Pneumonia [community]

Amox [1] , [erythro/dox,clar pen allergic]

28

Impetigo Topical

Hydrogen peroxide 1% cream] [1] ,
fusidic acid [2],

29

Impetigo Oral

Flucloxacillin [1], [clarithro, erythro for pen
allergy]

30

Cellulitis

Flucloxacillin [1] [clari, ery, dox pen allergy], co-
amoxiclav, clindamycin[2]