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Endocrinology > Infertility & Treatments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Infertility & Treatments Deck (11):
1

infertility

failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months of more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse (in absence of known reason) in a couple who have never had a child

2

primary infertility

couple never conceived

3

secondary infertility

couple previously conceived although pregnancy may not have been successful

4

endometriosis

presence of endometrial glands outside uterine cavity

5

idiopathic causes of male infertility

most cases of low sperm count or quality

6

varicocele causes of male infertility

associated reduced fertility

7

obstructive causes of male infertility

to vas deferens
congenital absence, infection or vasectomy

8

erectile difficulties causing male infertility

diabetes
spinal cord injury
psychosexual

9

semen disorders causing male infertility

rare specific defects in sperm

10

endocrine causes of male infertility

hypogonadotropic hypogonadism
testicular failure
hyperprolactinaemia
acromegaly
Cushing’s disease
hyper or hypothyroidism

11

when would a hysteroscopy be performed?

only in cases where suspected or known endometrial pathology