Insulins and Hypoglycemics Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > Insulins and Hypoglycemics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Insulins and Hypoglycemics Deck (17):
1

Rapid-acting Insulin

Onset: 15 min
Peak: 1-2 hr
Duration: 3-5 hr

2

Short-acting Insulin

Onset: 30-60 min
Peak: 2.5 hr
Duration 6-10 hr

3

Intermediate-acting Insulin

Onset: 1-2 hr
Peak: 4-8 hr
Duration: 10-18 hr

4

Long-acting Insulin

Onset: 1-2 hr
Peak: N/A
Duration: 24 hr

5

Lispro

Rapid -acting insulin (Humalog)

6

Aspart

Rapid-acting insulin (NovoLog)

7

Glulisine

Rapid-acting insulin (Apidra)

8

Regular

Short-acting insulin (Humulin R, Novolin R)

9

NPH

Intermediate-acting insulin (Humulin N, Novolin N)

10

Glargine

Long-acting insulin (Lantus)

11

Detemir

Long-acting insulin (Levemir)

12

Biguanides

Example: Metformin
Action: Decreases amount of glucose released from liver

**Stop medication before receiving contrast dye**

13

Sulfonylureas

Example: Glimepiride, Glyduride, Glipizide
Action: Stimulates the pancreas to release more insulin

14

Meglitinides

Example: Repaglinide, Nateglinide
Action: Stimulates the pancreas to release more insulin

15

Thiazolidinediones

Example: Pioglitazone
Action: Makes the body more sensitive to the effects of insulin

16

Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 (DPP-4) Inhibitors

Example: Sitagliptin, Saxagliptin, Linagliptin
Action: Improves insulin level after a meal and lowers the amount of glucose made by the body

17

Alpha-glucosidase Inhibitors

Example: Acarbose, Miglitol
Action: Slows the absorption of carbohydrate into your bloodstream after eating