Internal organs Flashcards Preview

S.N Anatomy IV > Internal organs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Internal organs Deck (72)
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1
Q
A

1- median glossoepiglotic fold

2- lateral -“-

3-palatopharyngeal arch

4-palatine tonsils

5- lingual tonsils

6- palatoglossus arch

7- foliatepappilae

2
Q

What are thr different pappilae?

A

Circumvallate- ant. To terminal sulcus

foliate-lateral side of tongue

filiform- karatinize on top.

fungiform- among the filiform

3
Q

Which pappilae doesnt have taste bads?

A

Filiform

4
Q
A

1- filiform

2- fungiform

3- foliate

4- valate

5
Q

What are the extrinsic muscles of the tongue?

innervation?

A

Hyoglossus

genyoglossus

styloglossus

Palatoglossus- glossopharyngeavagus

oH my GoD!! Hypoglossal nerve

6
Q

What are the intrinsic muscles of the tongue?

innervation?

A

Sup. Longitudinal

inf longitudinal

transversus

verticalis

all innervated by the hypoglossal (hypo is beneath and the intrinsic muscles are also beneath)

7
Q

Describe the innervation of the tongue

A
8
Q

Describe the blood supply of the tongue

A
9
Q

Borders of medial lingual groov?

content?

A

Lingual a

glossopharyngeal n (IX)

borders- remember God! Hi!

10
Q

Borders of lateral groove?content?

A

Lingula n

hypoglossal n

lingual v

submandibualr duct

sunlingual gland

borders- remember Ho, Mily (syrus)

11
Q

What are the muscles of the soft palate?

innervation?

A

tensor vali palatini- trigeminal->mandibular n (remeber tensor is mandibular nerve bcs you look tense)

Levator vali palatini- glossopharyngeal+vagus

palatoglossus-“

palatopharyngeal-“

uvula-“

12
Q
A
13
Q

How many teeth?

names?

A

32

insicors, canines, premolars, molars

14
Q

Blood supply of the teeth?

A
15
Q

Difference btw the salivary glands?

A

parotid- only serous

submandibular- mostly serous

sublingual- mostly mucous (remember tongue we need mucus for food)

16
Q

Which muscle does the parotid gland penetrates?

A

Buccinator

17
Q

Parotid nest borders

A

Ant- masseter

post- SCM

medial- all from styloid process

(-hyoid, -pharyngeus, -glossus)

18
Q

3 parts of the pharynx?

A

Nasopharynx (epi)

oropharynx (meso)

Laryngopharynx (hypo)

19
Q
A

1- eustachina tube and above it torus tubarius

2- nasopharynx

20
Q

Constrictors of the pharynx

A

Superior- PeanutButter and ManGo

Pterygo, Bucco, Mylo, Glosso (-pharyngeal)

middle- CeeCee

Chondro, Cerato

inferior- CT

Thyro, Crico

21
Q

Elevators of the pharynx?

A

STS

Stylopharyngeus

Palatopharyngeus

Salpingopharyngeus

22
Q

Innervation of the pharynx?

arterial blood supply?

A

Glossopharyngeal and vagus N

ECA blood

23
Q
A

1-torus tubarius

2-torus levatorius

3-salpingo-pharyngeal fold

4-aryepiglotic fold

5- cuneiform tubercle

6- corniculate tubercle

7-interarytenoid notch

24
Q

Muscles of theesophagus

A

Internal circular

external longitudinal

25
Q

Blood supply of theesophaugs

A
26
Q

Parts of the stomach

A
27
Q

Ligaments of the stomach?

A
28
Q

Blood supply of the stomach

A

Celiac trunk->left gastric a

Celiac->hepatic->right gastric

Celiac->splenic->post.gastric and short gastric

Left and right gastro-omental

29
Q

How long and order of small intestine

A

5 meter

DJI

duodenum

jejunom

ileum

30
Q

What level is the duodeno-jejunal junction?

A

L2

31
Q

4 parts of duodenum

intra/retro peritoneal?

A

Sup horizontal-intra

descending-retro

inf horizontal-retro

ascending-retro

32
Q

Blood supply of the duodenum?

A

Celiac->hepatic->gastroduodenal->superior pancreatoduodenal->ant and post

superior mesenteric->inferior pancreatoduodenal->ant and post

33
Q

Parts of the large intestine

A

Cecum

appendix

ascending transverse and descending colon

sugmoid

rectum

anal canal

34
Q

3 taniae coli

A

Mesocolic

omental

Libera

35
Q

Blood supply of cecum and appendix?

A

SMA->ileocolic

3 for ileum

2 for cecum (ant and post)

1 for appendix (appendicular)

1 for ascending colon

36
Q

Blood supply of the ascending colon

A

Ileocolic

right colic

middle colic

all of SMA

37
Q

Blood supply of the transverse colon

A

SMA->middle colic

IMA->left colic

38
Q

Blood supply of the descending colon

A
39
Q

Blood supply of the sigmoid colon

what is the sudeck point?

A

IMA->sigmoid artery

anastemosis btw sigmoidal a and superior rectal a

40
Q

Where is the location of the rectosigmoidal junction?

A

S3

41
Q

Blood supply of the rectum?

A

IMA->superior rectal

internal iliac artery->middle rectal

internal pudaental->inferior rectal

42
Q

Venous drainage of the rectum?

A

Sup rectal v->IMV->portal vein->liver

middle and inferior->internal iliac vein->IVC

43
Q
A

1- Falciform ligament

2- ligamentum teres

3- gastrocolic ligament

44
Q

Surfaces of the liver/

A
45
Q

Blood supplyof the liver?

A

Portal vein 80%

proper he-atic artery 20%

46
Q

What makes up the portal vein?

A

joining the superior and (inferior) mesenteric veind and splenic vein

47
Q

Main portal-systemic anastomosis

A

gasrtro-espophageal (Esophegal toleft gastric)

paraumbilical (epigastric veins and paraumbilical)

anorectal (middle+inf to superior rectal veins)

retroperitoneal

48
Q

Blood supply of the pancreas

A
49
Q

Describe the parts of the Gallbladder

A
50
Q

Blood supply for adreanl glands

A

Inferior phrenic->superior suprarenal arteries
Aorta->middle suprarenal
Renal artery->inferior suprarenal

51
Q

parts of the urethra In male

A
52
Q

Which is more anterior?

ovaries/uterine tube

A

Uterine tube

53
Q

Parts of the uterine tube

A
54
Q

Innervation of the female perineal muscles

A

Pudental nerve

55
Q

Muscles of female perineum

A
56
Q

Embryonic origin of the uterine tube and uterus

A

Paramesonephric duct=Müllerian ducts

57
Q

Accessory Hemyazygus drains the blood from the _____ _____ side

A

upper left

58
Q

Hemyazygus drains the blood from the _____ _____ side

A

Lower left

59
Q

Azygus drains the blood from the _____ side

A

Right

60
Q

Vertebrae level of esophagus hiutus in the diaphragm

A

T10

61
Q

Vertebrae level of aortic hiatus

A

T12

62
Q

Vagus nerve and esophagus relationship

A

LeFt-> Front

Right-> Back

63
Q

Right lymphatic duct and Thoracic duct drainage

A
64
Q

Localization of the intercostal VAN

A
65
Q

Supracardiac mediastinum layers

A

Sternum

Thymus

Brachicephalic V+ SVC

Vagus+Phrenic

Aortic arch

Trachea

Recurrent laryngeal N

esophagus

vertebrae column

66
Q

Posterior mediastinum layers

A

Thoracic aorta

Esophagus and Vagus

Thoracic duct

Veins

Symp. Trunk

67
Q

Indirect hernia goes ____

A

Into the scrotum (Indirect)

goes through both depp and superficial inguinal rings

68
Q

Organs of the retro peritoneum

A
69
Q

Organs of the intra-peritoneum

A
70
Q

Innervation of the diaphragm

A

Phrenic nerve

C3,4,5 keep the diaphragm alive

71
Q

What are the difference btw sympathetic and parasympathetic neurons?

A
72
Q
A