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Flashcards in Intro Deck (26):
1

Perinatal period

20th week of gestation to the first 7 ( or 6 ) days after birth

2

Neonatal period

The first 28 days after birth

3

Early infancy

1 mo to 1 yr

4

Later infancy ( toddlers )

1-2 yrs

5

Pre-school

2-5 yrs

6

Middle childhood/ school age

6-10 yrs

7

Adolescence

10-19
Early: 10-13
Middle: 14-16
Late: 17-19

8

Pediatric age group

Perinatal period
Neonatal period
Under-five:
Early infancy
Later infancy
Preschool
Middle childhood/ School age
Adolescence

9

Causes of Infant Mortatility 2010

1. Bacterial Sepsis
2. Pneumonia
3. Respiratory Distress of the NB

10

Leading Causes of Child Mortality Rate 1-4 years 2010

1. Pneumonia
2. Diarrhea
3. Congenital anomalies

11

Leading Causes of Mortality 5-9 years 2010

1. Pneumonia
2. Dengue & HF
3. Accidental Drowning

12

vitamin a is given

Every 6 months or at birth

13

Top ten most common foods eaten by 6 mo to 5yo 2003

1. Rice
2. Coconut oil
3. White sugar
4. Powdered filled milk
5. Brown sugar
6. Chicken egg
7. Pan de sal
8. Milo chocolate drink
9. Instant noodles
10. Galunggong

14

Expanded Progam of Immunization

BCG
DPT
OPV
Hepa B
Measles
Rotavirus
Hib

15

Micronutrients

Iodine
Iron
Vit a
Zn
Folate

16

Significant Early Child Health Intervention Programs in the Philippines

Expanded Program of Immunization (EPI)
ORS for diarrheas
Breastfeeding promotion thru Mother-Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative
Control of Acute Respiratory Infections (CARI)
Micronutrient Awareness and Programs
Newborn Screening Program, Expanded (28d/o)

17

Designed to meet the major demands for child health in both urban and rurual areas in the country

under-five clinic Ufc

18

UFC is a low-cost comprehensive child care focusing on:

1. treatment of common illnesses: ARI, diarrheas, malnut and micronutrient def
2. Primary orevention
3. Indentification of at-risk children and prompt mgmt of recognized problems or diseases & its possible complications
4. Promotion of parent-child relations

19

Most common childhood problems

1. Pneumonia
2. Diarrhea
3. Measles
4. Malaria
5. DHF
6. Malnutirition
7. Anemia
8. Ear problems

20

Cost effective intervention recommended by WHO
more integrated approach
Presented as wall charts or as booklets
Based on simple clinical signs

Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI)

21

Objectives of IMCI

- reduce deaths & the frequency & severity of illness and disability
- contribute to improved growth & development

22

Tools the MDs Use to Deal wth the Children and Families

Cognitive
Interpersonal or manual
Attitudinal

23

Up to date factual info abt dxtic and therpeutic issues, available on recall or readily accessible sources, and the ability to relate this information to the pathophysiology of their patients in the context of individual biologic variability

Cognitive

24

The ability to carry out a productive interview, execute a reliable PE, perform a deft venipuncture, or manage a cardiac arrest or resuscitation of a depressed baby

Interpersonal or manual

25

The MD's unselfish commitment to the fullest possible implementation of knowledge and skills on behalf of children and their family in an atm of empathic sensitivity amd concern

Attitudinal

26

- concerned w/ the health and growth and development of infants, children and adolescents
- particular organ systems and biological processes, also env and social influences
- the whole medicine applied to an individual

Pediatrics