Intro To Cells Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Intro To Cells Deck (20):
1

Cells

Cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things

2

Microscope

An instrument that makes small objects larger

3

Cell theory

A widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cells and living things

4

Cell wall

A rigid layer the surrounds plant cells

5

Cell membrane

Controls which substances pass into and out of a cell

6

Nucleus

Acts as a cells control center

7

Organelles

Carry out specific functions within a cell

8

Ribosomes

Small grain shaped organelles that produces proteins

9

Cytoplasm

Fills the region between the cell membrane and the nucleus.

10

Mitochondria

Convert energy stored in food to energy the cell can live and function

11

Endoplasmic reticulum

Is an organelle with a network of membranes that produces many substances

12

Golgi apparatus

Receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the ER, packages them and distributes them to other parts of the cell or to the outside of the cell

13

Vacuole

Stores water, food, or other materials needed by the cell

14

Chloroplast

Captures energy from sunlight and changes it, to a form of energy cells can use in making food



15

Iysosomes

Contain substances that break down large food particles into smaller ones

16

Multicellular

Made of many cells

17

Unicellular

A single called organism

18

Tissue

A group of similar cells that work together to preform a specific function

19

Organ

Made of different kinds of tissues that function together

20

Organ system

A group of organs that work together to preform a major function