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Flashcards in intro to environmental history Deck (15):
1

Isaac 1970 - agriculture

domestication is single most important man intervention

2

Childe 1936 - domestication

domestication brought about by crowding, forced societies to identify food production

3

Sauer 1952 - domnestication

domestication first occurred in SE Asia, fishing cultures plants were planted for use at the fishing villages

4

Jacobs 1969 - agriculture

originated around pre existing settlements

5

grove - desertifictation of med

says no climate warming since 20th century, desertification and de-desertification are balanced

6

UN desertification (1992)

land degredation in areas resulting mainly from adverse human impacts.

7

A. Toynbee

saw cities as organic systems they have a life cycle born and die

8

O'riordan (1976) - resources

first introduced exploitation, it means both use and injustice stated to approaches Eccocentric and technocentric

9

Adam smith (1776) - technocentrism

said nature being external is ingrained in western thought, pursuing their own interests.

10

Marxism - tecnocentrism

saw poverty as key problem, labour as central to relationships.

11

simon J.L. (1984) - cornucopian

may be localised problems but ingenuity will cope

12

Goklany (2007) - hazards

said that economy and culture also vital not just wealth and poverty

13

Bjorn (2007) cornucopianlist

said why not spend money for climate change on more immediate concerns

14

Redclift (1992) - eccocentric

said solution is for north to deindutrialise and for south to industrialise

15

James Lovelock - energy

said that nuclear is best way to get enough power and in time