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Flashcards in Intro Training Packet Deck (63):
1

Abrasion

Scrape of the skin due to something abrasive

2

Acute

New, usually of rapid onset and of concern, opposite of chronic

3

Ambulate

To walk from place to place

4

Anterior

Located towards the front of the body

5

Artery

Blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart

6

Benign

Normal, of no danger to health

7

Bradycardia

Slow heart-rate (HR less than 60bpm)

8

Cardiomegaly

Enlarged Heart

9

Cholecystitis

Inflammation of the cholecyst (gallbladder)

10

Chronic

Long-standing, constant. Opposite of acute

11

COPD

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, lung Dz commonly seen in smokers

12

Coronary artery

The artery that supplies heart tissue with blood

13

Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA)

a.k.a. "Stroke". Lack of blood supply to the brain causing brain damage

14

Diaphoresis

Sweating

15

Distal

Farther from the trunk of the body

16

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

A blood clot in a deep vein, most often an extremity

17

Dyspnea

Problems with breathing

18

Dysuria

Painful urination

19

Ecchymosis

A bruise

20

Edema

Swelling

21

Emesis

Vomiting

22

Epistaxis

Nose bleed

23

Erythema/Erythematous

Redness/Red

24

Febrile

Elevated body temperature, fever, indicative of infection

25

Grossly

Obviously; a lot; wholly

26

Hematemesis

Very large amounts of blood in the vomit

27

Hematuria

Very large amounts of blood in the urine

28

Hemoptysis

Coughing up very large amounts of blood

29

Hemorrhage

Excessive or profuse bleeding

30

Hepatomegaly

Enlarged Liver

31

HyperTension

High blood Pressure

32

Hypotension

Low Blood Pressure

33

Hypoxia

Low oxygen saturation of the body, not enough oxygen in the blood

34

Infarct

Area of dead tissue after a lack of blood supply

35

Inferior

Lower on the body, farther from the head

36

Ischemia

Lack of Blood supply

37

Laceration

Splitting of the skin due to trauma (a cut due to something sharp)

38

Lateral

Farther from the midline (a line that can be traced from nose to belly-button)

39

Medial

Nearer to the midline

40

Melena

Black tarry stool

41

Myocardial Infarction (MI)

Death of cardiac muscle due to Ischemia

42

Myalgia

Muscular Pain, "muscle aches"

43

Oriented x3

Oriented to person, place, and time

44

Pallor

Pale skin

45

Posterior/Dorsal

Rear or backside of the body

46

Proximal

Nearer to the trunk of the body

47

Pruritic

itchy

48

Pulmonary Embolism (PE)

Blocking of a pulmonary artery due to a blood clot

49

Purulent

Pus-like

50

Rales

Crackles; wet crackling noise in lungs

51

Rhinorrhea

Clear nasal discharge, "runny nose" 

52

Rhonchi

Rattling noise of mucous in the lungs

53

Sepsis

Dangerous infection of the blood

54

STEMI

ST elevation MI, real-time ongoing death of heart tissue due to Ischemia

55

Superior

Higher on the body, nearer to the head

56

Supine

Body position lying face up

57

Syncope

"Passing out", loss of consciousness or fainting

58

Tachycardia

Fast heart rate (HR greater than 100 bpm)

59

Tachypnea

Increased breathing rate

60

Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)

Minor Stroke; where neurological function is regained quickly  with time

61

Vein

Blood vessel carrying blood towards the heart

62

Vertigo

63

Wheezing

High Pitched sound heard in the lungs with asthmatics or lung disease