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Flashcards in Introduction And History Deck (35):
0

Abnormal means

Away from the normal
Deviation from clearly defined norm
Bad crazy
Good superior IQ

1

Two basic view in distinguishing normal and abnormal

Maladaptive
Stops growth and actualization

2

Abnormal behavior is always bizarre. True or false.

False

3

Mental illness is not curable. True or false

False

4

Stone age believed Mental Illness is

Demon possession

5

In ancient times, they chip away area of the skull in a form of circle

Trephining or trepanning

6

Two spirits, the bad spirit is _________ and the good spirit is ____________ that makes them a _____________.

Wild, supernatural, shaman

7

Prayer incantation, noise making is

Exorcism

8

Middle ages believed in

Demonology

9

Occurrence of group mental disorders is

Mass hysteria

10

Lycanthropy

Evolving wolves

11

18th mental illness perspective

Development of biological viewpoint, seen a function of the brain

12

Development of 6 viewpoints.

Psychoanalytical
Behavioral
Humanistic
Existential
Interpersonal
Socio cultural
Biological

13

Traumatic event , unconscious conflict lead to mental illness

Psychoanalytical

14

Mental illness happened due to faulty learning

Behavioral

15

Needs of the person unmet

Humanistic

16

Unfulfilling life, no meaning

Existential

17

Failure to communicate to others

Interpersonal . Sullivan

18

Employment failure, institution, norms, discrimination, violence, poverty

Sociocultural

19

Hormonal influences

Biological

20

Chromosomal aberrations / down syndrome

Genetic / extra 21 chromosomes for total 47. Trisomy

21

5 Biological causes

Brain pathology
Constitutional liabilities
Genetic defects
Descriptive emotional
Physical deprivation

22

Dementia is classified under

Brain pathology

23

Biological make up of the individual pertaining to physique

Constitutional liabilities

24

3 types of physique according to Sheldon

Endomorph
Ectomorph
Mesomorph

25

Endomorph are

Rounded people, sociable, fun loving, good humor, relax

26

Ectomorph are

Skinny, self conscious, restrained, introvert

27

Mesomorph are

Ideal body
Adventurous
Courageous
Competitive

28

Chromosomal aberration

Genetic

29

Fear, severe and prolonged may lead to illness, this is what biological cause

Descriptive emotional processes

30

Malnutrition, vitamin B, water

Physical deprivation

31

6 psychological causes

Pathogenic parents
Pathogenic family structures
Parental deprivation
Pressure of modern world
Childhood trauma
Severe stress

32

3 types of pathogenic parents

Apathetic - cold, distant
Permissive - spoiled
Overprotective - shy, inhibited

33

4 examples of pathogenic family structures

Antisocial
Inadequate - poor
Disrupted - broken
Discordant / disturbed - different values

34

Example of socio cultural causes

War
Accelerating tech and social change
Violence
Economic / employment problem
Discrimination / prejudice