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Flashcards in Introduction To Psychology Deck (13):

What is psychology?

Psychology is the scientific study of thoughts, feeling and behaviour. This is influenced by biology, past experience and cultural aspects.


What are the goals of psychology?

The main goals are to describe, explain, predict and control the behaviour and mental process of people.


Psychology in history?

Psychology began in 1879, when Wihelm Wundt fouled the first labatory dedicated exclusively to psychological research, in Germany.


What is an example of a famous study?

The Milgram Study is a famous unethical experiment, where subjects were made to think that people were being electrocuted.


What is an example of a famous psychologist?

Sigmund Freud created the Freud Sleep Theory.


What is an independant variable?

The variable that is of interest to the researcher. Does it cause an effect?
For example whether or whether not there is music playing or not, in an experiment that is trying to determine if music plays a role in memory.


What is a dependant variable?

The variable being measured in response to the independent variable. For example the memory of a person.


What is an extraneous variable?

Variables that may influence the DV and therefore affect the results. For example the intelligence of a person.


What are control groups?

The group of participants who do not receive the independent variable


What are experimental groups?

The group who do receive the IV.


What are sampling procedures?

The procedures in which the experimenter take to choose who will take place in the experiment.


What are the ethical principles in psychology?

They are the rules that experimenters have to follow to make sure their subjects are well treated.


What are the ethical guidelines for using human subjects in research?

1. The subject must be volunteering and have some idea of the aim of the experiment
2. Subjects allowed to withdraw at any point
3. Must not cause any lasting harm - physical or psychological
4. If unexpected stress occurs the experiment must be stopped immediately.
5. Subjects have the right to privacy.