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Flashcards in Ironic Devices Deck (9)
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1

Verbal Irony

-when a character says one thing but means the other
-example: Jonathan Swift's bitter satire "A Modest Proposal" in which he suggests that babies should be eaten to end the famine in Ireland
-effect is to bring additional meanings to the table and make the reader think about what is being said

2

Dramatic Irony

-when the audience knows something that a character doesn't
-example: Odysseus posing as a beggar to fool those who know him, but we as the audience really know who it is
-effect is to flatter the reader in that they are privy to the knowledge usually only known to the author

3

Situational Irony

-when both the characters and the audience are fully unaware of the implications of the real situation; an unexpected result
-effect is to surprise the audience as well as to make them think about why they weren't privy to this knowledge

4

Understatement

-making big things seem small
-example: Mercutio saying that the fatal wound he has just received is just a scratch
-used to make a point

5

Hyperbole

-an exaggeration
-used to imply the intensity of the speaker's feelings

6

Paradox

-a statement that appears to be self-contradictory but may include a latent truth
-in Animal Farm, "“All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others”.
-used to express a certain truth

7

Oxymoron

- in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect
-example:tragic comedy
-used to express a character's contrasting emotions or feelings

8

Litotes

-in which a point is affirmed by negating the opposite
-example: "he's no fool"
-used to reinforce the underlying statement

9

Ambiguity

-a word, phrase, or statement which contains more than one meaning
-ambiguous words or statements lead to vagueness and confusion
-purposeful multiple meanings as in pun and double entendre