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Flashcards in Islam Glossary Deck (65):
1

Adalat

Justice in Shi’a Islam

2

Adhan

The call to prayer five times a day

3

Akhirah

The belief in the life afterdeath

4

Al Kiswah

The black cloth that covers the Ka’aba in Makkah

5

All compassionate

All loving, benevolent, ever forgiving and not vindictive

6

Al Qadr

Predestination ofthe will of Allah; the belief that Allah has decreed everything that is to happen in the universe

7

Amr bil Maroof

commanding what is just

8

beneficence

an act of charity or kindness in an effort to do good for others

9

Caliph

a successor of Muhammad as the spiritual leader of Islam

10

Hadith

The teachings of Muhammad

11

Hafiz

A person who has memorised the Qur’an by heart

12

Hajj

a pilgrimage to Makkah and the fifth pillar of Islam

13

Haram

forbidden for Muslims

14

Hijab

head scarf worn by some Muslim women

15

Hijrah

Muhammad’s escape journey from Makkah to Madinah

16

Ihram

the white clothing worn by pilgrims on hajj in Makkah

17

Imamate

Leadership

18

Immanence

the belief that Allah is closer to us than our heartbeat and is involved in the world

19

Jihad

the greater or lesser striving for the way of Allah.

20

Jummah

Friday prayers where the khutbah is read

21

justice

fairness in society or the right to do

22

Khums

tax in Shi’a Islam

23

Khutbah

the name for the sermon on Friday in the mosques

24

Khatib

the person who delivers the sermon of fridays

25

Madinah

holy city in Saudi Arabia as the place where Muhammad set up the first Muslim community and the place where Muhammad is buried

26

Makkah

Holy city of Islam in Saudi Arabia with th great mosque housing the Ka’aba

27

Makruh

A detestable act

28

Merciful

to show forgiveness and compassion to those who do wrong

29

Mihrab

indented archway in the mosque showing the direction of the Ka’aba

30

Minbar

the raised platform used by the imam to deliver the sunday sermon

31

Miranet

tower on the outside of the mosque used for the call to prayer

32

Mu’addhin

the caller to prayer

33

Mubah

an action hich is neither forbidden nor recommended

34

Mustahab

Favoured or recommended actions

35

Nahi Anil Munkar

forbidding what is evil

36

Night of power

the night Muhammad received the first revelations of the Qur’an

37

Omnipotence

The belief that Allah is all powerful

38

predestination

the idea that everything that happens has been decided already by Allah

39

Psalms

the gooks written by David

40

Qiblah

the direction of Makkah

41

Qurbani

the sacrifice of animals during Eid ul Adha

42

Rak’ah

a sequence of prayer containing actions and recitations

43

Ramadan

the holy month of fasting for 29/30 days

44

Risalah

communication between man and Allah in the form of books, angels and prophets

45

Salah

compulsory prayer five times a day and the second pillar of islam

46

Sawm

Pillar of fasting

47

Seal of the prophets

Muhhamad the last prophet chosen by Allah and given the Qur’an

48

Shahadah

declaration of Faith -to believe in One God and Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah.

49

Shari’ah Law

a legal system which comes from the religious rules of Islam

50

Shi’a

A muslim who adhres to the Shi’a branch of Islam; followed by about tenth of all Muslims

51

Sunnah

the way of life of Muhammad as an example to follow

52

Sunni

Muslims who follow the Sunnah, the way od the prophet

53

Surah

the name for chapters in the Qur’an

54

Tabarra

expressing hatred towards evil

55

Tawalla

Expressing love towards good

56

Tawhid

the belief in the oneness of Allah and the unity of His being

57

Transcendence

Allah is outside the world, beyond everything and outside time

58

Topi

Prayer hat worn by Muslim men

59

Torah

the revelations given to Musa

60

Twelver Shi’a

part of the Shi’a sect of Islam who believe in the twelve imams as leaders

61

Ummah

the brotherhood/community of Islam

62

Usul ad Din

the foundations of faith in Shi’a Islam

63

Wajib

Something that is an obligatory duty for a Muslim

64

Wuzu

the symbolic washing and purifications or the mind and body before salah

65

Zakah

almsgiving to the poor which benefits the Muslim community