Japanese DeMYSTiFied Chapter 5 Content Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Japanese DeMYSTiFied Chapter 5 Content Deck (72):
1

ใ„ใพใ™

To exist

(animate objects)

2

ใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™

To exist

(inanimate objects)

3

ๅคงใใ„ๅปบ็‰ฉใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

ใŠใŠใใ„ใŸใฆใ‚‚ใฎใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

[There] is a big building.

4

้ซ˜ใ„ๆœจใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

ใŸใ‹ใ„ใใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

[There] is a tall tree.

5

The "location of existence particle."

ใซ

6

ใ‚ใใ“ใซ็ŠฌใŒใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

ใ‚ใใ“ใซใ„ใฌใŒใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

There's a dog over there.

7

ใ“ใฎใ‚ซใƒ•ใ‚งใƒ†ใƒชใ‚ขใซใฏใฆใ‚“ใทใ‚‰ใ†ใฉใ‚“ใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

This cafeteria has tempura noodles.

8

ๅฎถใฎๅบญใซใฏๆกœใฎๆœจใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

ใ†ใกใฎใซใ‚ใซใฏใ•ใใ‚‰ใฎใใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

In my garden, there is a cherry (sakura) tree.

9

้ง…ใฎใจใชใ‚Šใซใฏใใ‚Œใ„ใชใƒฌใ‚นใƒˆใƒฉใƒณใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

ใˆใใฎใจใชใ‚Šใซใฏใใ‚Œใ„ใชใƒฌใ‚นใƒˆใƒฉใƒณใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

Next to the train station, there is a pretty restaurant.

10

็ฉบๆธฏใซใฏ่ญฆๅฏŸๅฎ˜ใŒใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

ใใ†ใ“ใ†ใซใฏใ‘ใ„ใ•ใคใ‹ใ‚“ใŒใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

There are police officers at the airpoirt.

11

ใจ

A particle used for listing items.

12

ใ“ใฎใ‹ใฐใ‚“ใฎไธญใซใฏๅ‚˜ใจ่ฒกๅธƒใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

ใ“ใฎใ‹ใฐใ‚“ใฎใชใ‹ใซใฏใ‹ใ•ใจใ•ใ„ใตใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

In this bag, there is an umbrella and a wallet.

13

ๅบญ

ใซใ‚

Garden

14

็ฉบๆธฏ

ใใ†ใ“ใ†

Airport

15

่ญฆๅฏŸๅฎ˜

ใ‘ใ„ใ•ใคใ‹ใ‚“

Police

16

ๅ‚˜

ใ‹ใ•

Umbrella

17

่ฒกๅธƒ

ใ•ใ„ใต

Wallet

18

ใ‚ฝใƒ•ใ‚กใƒผ

Sofa

19

ใƒ†ใƒผใƒ–ใƒซ

Table

20

็งใฎ้ƒจๅฑ‹ใซใฏใƒ™ใƒƒใƒ‰ใจใ€ใ‚ฝใƒ•ใ‚กใƒผใจใ€ใƒ†ใƒผใƒ–ใƒซใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฎใธใ‚„ใซใฏใƒ™ใƒƒใƒ‰ใจใ€ใ‚ฝใƒ•ใ‚กใƒผใจใ€ใƒ†ใƒผใƒ–ใƒซใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

In my room, there is a bed, a sofa, and a table.

21

In my Japanese language class, there are Americans, Chinese, and Koreans.

ๆ—ฅๆœฌ่ชžใฎใ‚ฏใƒฉใ‚นใซใฏใ‚ขใƒกใƒชใ‚ซไบบใจใ€ไธญๅ›ฝไบบใจใ€้Ÿ“ๅ›ฝไบบใŒใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

ใซใปใ‚“ใ”ใฎใ‚ฏใƒฉใ‚นใซใฏใ‚ขใƒกใƒชใ‚ซใ˜ใ‚“ใจใ€ใกใ‚…ใ†ใ”ใใ˜ใ‚“ใจใ€ใ‹ใ‚“ใ“ใใ˜ใ‚“ใŒใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

22

้Ÿ“ๅ›ฝ

ใ‹ใ‚“ใ“ใ

Korea

23

็งใฏๅ…„ใŒใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏใ‚ใซใŒใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

I have an older brother.

24

My older sister has a Chinese friend.

ๅง‰ใฏไธญๅ›ฝไบบใฎๅ‹้”ใŒใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

ใ‚ใญใฏใกใ‚…ใ†ใ”ใใ˜ใ‚“ใฎใจใ‚‚ใ ใกใŒใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

25

Today, I have a Japanese class.

ไปŠๆ—ฅใฏๆ—ฅๆœฌ่ชžใฎใ‚ฏใƒฉใ‚นใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

ใใ‚‡ใ†ใฏใซใปใ‚“ใ”ใฎใ‚ฏใƒฉใ‚นใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

26

ๆถˆใ—ใ‚ดใƒ 

ใ‘ใ—ใ‚ดใƒ 

Eraser

27

่พžๆ›ธ

ใ˜ใ—ใ‚‡

Dictionary

28

ๅ…„ๅผŸ

ใใ‚‡ใ†ใ ใ„

Siblings

29

ๅฑฑ็”ฐใ•ใ‚“ใซใฏๅ…„ๅผŸใŒใ„ใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚

ใ‚„ใพใ ใ•ใ‚“ใซใฏใใ‚‡ใ†ใ ใ„ใŒใ„ใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚

Mr. Yamada doesn't have any siblings.

30

I don't have any friends.

็ง(ใซ)ใฏๅ‹้”ใŒใ„ใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚

ใ‚ใŸใ—(ใซ)ใฏใจใ‚‚ใ ใกใŒใ„ใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚

31

ใŠ้‡‘

ใŠใ‹ใญ

Money

32

ๆ™‚้–“

ใ˜ใ‹ใ‚“

Time

33

I don't have class today.

ไปŠๆ—ฅใฏใ‚ฏใƒฉใ‚นใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚

ใใ‚‡ใ†ใฏใ‚ฏใƒฉใ‚นใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚

34

(We) don't have time.

ๆ™‚้–“ใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚

ใ˜ใ‹ใ‚“ใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚

35

Do you have (free) time now?

ไปŠใ€ๆ™‚้–“ใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ‹ใ€‚

ใ„ใพใ€ใ˜ใ‹ใ‚“ใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ‹ใ€‚

36

ไป•ไบ‹

ใ—ใ”ใจ

Work

37

ๆ˜Žๆ—ฅ

ใ‚ใ—ใŸ

Tomorrow

38

ใ‚ฏใ‚คใ‚บ

Quiz

39

ๆ˜Žๆ—ฅใฏไป•ไบ‹ใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ‹ใ€‚

ใ‚ใ—ใŸใฏใ—ใ”ใจใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ‹ใ€‚

Do [you] have work tomorrow?

40

The dog is behind the sofa.

็Šฌใฏใ‚ฝใƒ•ใ‚กใƒผใฎๅพŒใ‚ใซใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

ใ„ใฌใฏใ‚ฝใƒ•ใ‚กใƒผใฎใ†ใ—ใ‚ใซใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

41

ใ„ใ‚‰ใฃใ—ใ‚ƒใ„ใพใ™

To exist

(More polite than ใ„ใพใ™)

42

ๅ…ˆ็”Ÿใฏๅ›ณๆ›ธ้คจใซใ„ใ‚‰ใฃใ—ใ‚ƒใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

ใ›ใ‚“ใ›ใ„ใฏใจใ—ใ‚‡ใ‹ใ‚“ใซใ„ใ‚‰ใฃใ—ใ‚ƒใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

Sensei is at the library.

43

Mrs. Yamada's mother is over there.

ๅฑฑ็”ฐใฎใŠๆฏใ•ใ‚“ใฏใ‚ใใ“ใซใ„ใ‚‰ใฃใ—ใ‚ƒใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

ใ‚„ใพใ ใ•ใ‚“ใฎใŠใ‹ใ‚ใ•ใ‚“ใฏใ‚ใใ“ใซใ„ใ‚‰ใฃใ—ใ‚ƒใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

44

้ƒตไพฟๅฑ€ใฏใฉใ“ใซใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ‹ใ€‚

ใ‚†ใ†ใณใ‚“ใใ‚‡ใใฏใฉใ“ใซใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ‹ใ€‚

Where is the post office?

45

The post office is between the restaraunt and the bank.

้ƒตไพฟๅฑ€ใฏใƒฌใ‚นใƒˆใ‚ฟใƒณใจ้Š€่กŒใฎ้–“ใซใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

ใ‚†ใ†ใณใ‚“ใใ‚‡ใใฏใƒฌใ‚นใƒˆใƒฉใƒณใจใŽใ‚“ใ“ใ†ใฎใ‚ใ„ใ ใซใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

46

Where is Yoko?

้™ฝๅญใ•ใ‚“ใฏใฉใ“ใซใ„ใพใ™ใ‹ใ€‚

ใ‚ˆใ†ใ“ใ•ใ‚“ใฏใฉใ“ใซใ„ใพใ™ใ‹ใ€‚

47

Yoko is at her friend's house.

้™ฝๅญใ•ใ‚“ใฏๅ‹้”ใฎๅฎถใซใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

ใ‚ˆใ†ใ“ใ•ใ‚“ใฏใจใ‚‚ใ ใกใฎใ†ใกใซใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

48

Where is the teacher?

ๅ…ˆ็”Ÿใฏใฉใกใ‚‰ใซใ„ใ‚‰ใฃใ—ใ‚ƒใ„ใพใ™ใ‹ใ€‚

ใ›ใ‚“ใ›ใ„ใฏใฉใกใ‚‰ใซใ„ใ‚‰ใฃใ—ใ‚ƒใ„ใพใ™ใ‹ใ€‚

49

11

ใ˜ใ‚…ใ†ใ„ใก

50

99

ใใ‚…ใ†ใ˜ใ‚…ใ†ใใ‚…ใ†

51

ๆญณ

ใ•ใ„

Years old

52

็ฅ–็ˆถ

ใใต

My grandfather

53

ไฝ•ๆญณใงใ™ใ‹ใ€‚

ใชใ‚“ใ•ใ„ใงใ™ใ‹ใ€‚

How old are [you]?

54

ใŠใ„ใใคใงใ™ใ‹ใ€‚

How old are you?

(More polite than ไฝ•ๆญณใงใ™ใ‹)

55

ๆžš

ใพใ„

Counter for flat-shaped items such as paper, tickets, and towels.

56

ๆœฌ

ใปใ‚“

Counter for long, cylindircal objects such as pens, bananas, and cigarettes.

57

ไบบ

ใซใ‚“

People counter

58

ใค

Counter for medium-sized objects such as apples and candies as well as some other non-animate items.

59

I have two older sisters, one older brother, and one younger brother.

็งใฏๅง‰ใŒ๏ผ’ไบบใจใ€ๅ…„ใŒ๏ผ‘ไบบใจใ€ๅผŸใŒ๏ผ‘ไบบใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏใ‚ใญใŒใตใŸใ‚Šใจใ€ใ‚ใซใŒใฒใจใ‚Šใจใ€ใŠใจใ†ใจใŒใฒใจใ‚Šใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

60

ใŸใใ•ใ‚“

A large amount/quantity

61

ๅฐ‘ใ—

ใ™ใ“ใ—

A small amount/quantity

62

ๆ•ฐๅญฆใฎๅฎฟ้กŒ

ใ™ใ†ใŒใใฎใ—ใ‚…ใใ ใ„

Math homework

63

ใ‚ฏใƒƒใ‚ญใƒผใŒใŸใใ•ใ‚“ใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚ใ‚ฑใƒผใ‚ญใ‚‚ๅฐ‘ใ—ใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

There are a lot of cookies. There are some cakes too.

64

ใŠ็ ‚็ณ–

ใŠใ•ใจใ†

Sugar

65

- ใŠ็ ‚็ณ–ใฏ๏ผŸ

- ใ‚ใ‚ใ€ๅฐ‘ใ—ใŠ้ก˜ใ„ใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚

- ใŠใ•ใจใ†ใฏ๏ผŸ

- ใ‚ใ‚ใ€ใ™ใ“ใ—ใŠใญใŒใ„ใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚

- Sugar?

- Oh, a little please.

66

ไฝ•ๆžš

ใชใ‚“ใพใ„

How many (flat items)

67

ไฝ•ๆœฌ

ใชใ‚“ใผใ‚“

How many (long items)

68

ไฝ•ไบบ

ใชใ‚“ใซใ‚“

How many (people)

69

ใ„ใใค

How many (medium, general objects)

70

็ฎฑ

ใฏใ“

Box

71

How many (sheets of) origami paper are inside this box?

ใ“ใฎ็ฎฑใฎไธญใซๆŠ˜ใ‚Š็ด™ใŒไฝ•ๆžšใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ‹ใ€‚

ใ“ใฎใฏใ“ใฎใชใ‹ใซใŠใ‚ŠใŒใฟใŒใชใ‚“ใพใ„ใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ‹ใ€‚

72

How many classes do you have today?

ไปŠๆ—ฅใฏใ‚ฏใƒฉใ‚นใŒใ„ใใคใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ‹ใ€‚

ใใ‚‡ใ†ใฏใ‚ฏใƒฉใ‚นใŒใ„ใใคใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ‹ใ€‚

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