Flashcards in Jewish History 2 Deck (29):
The Great revolt
The 'Jewish war'
The temple is destroyed
Flavius silva, the roman governor, resolved to crush the resistance at Masada.
Josephus writes the Jewish antiquities
Josephus writes the life of Josephus
The fall of Masada
The bar kochba revolt
Rabbi yehudah hanasi seals the Mishnah
Completion of the Talmud
- emperor, bar kochba revolt
- dedicate temple to Jupiter and make Judea roman
- forbade Jews from practising their religion
-Son of Vespasian
- destroy temple, Jews hope
-maintain temple, beautiful roman territory
-Jew who converted to roman and betrayed the Jews by not committing suicidd like promised
- wrote commentaries of the history of the war from a roman (secular) perspective
-All promised to commit suicide on Masada instead of being captured by the Romans
- sub group of extreme Pharisees
-66CE took over Judea(start of the revolt
- took Josephus prisoner when he found him and made him write commentaries on the war
Yo Janna Ben zakkai
- during the Bar kochba revolt he faked death to escape Jerusalem
- established yavneh
Elazar ben Yair
-Leader of the zealots
- made a speech about commuting suicide
- thousands of students
- supported bar kochba
- he was originally a poor person who wanted to marry his employees daughter but first he had to study Torah
-Leaded bar kochba revolt made some decisions Jews didn't agree with
- origanilly named shining bar kosiba(son of a lie) but rabbi akiva renamed him as bar kochba( son of a lie)
Rabbi yehudah hanasi
He compiled the Mishnah
Many people considered him as the mashiach
Shining bar yochai
Studied in a cave hiding from the romans and Hadrian.
Had a son named rabbi eliezer Ben shimon.
Rabies who wrote commentaries on the Torah in the Mishnah
Stopped when rabbi yehudah hanasi passed away and sealed the Mishnah
Which area did most of the Jews live
After the bar kochba revolt where did many Jews go
Why was the oral law written down
Because rabbi yehudah feared that it would be lost
What was the tension between the tabbies in Israel and Babylon?
Israeli rabbis thought they were better but they Babylonians thought that if rabbi akiva could make laws out of Israel so could they
Zealots escaped to Masada
Elazar Ben Yair was the leader
They all ( except Josephus) commuted suicide
How was it a multi sided war?
Sicarii and zealots against the rest of the Jews.