Jewish History 2 Flashcards Preview

Humanities > Jewish History 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Jewish History 2 Deck (29):
1

The Great revolt

66CE

2

The 'Jewish war'

78CE

3

The temple is destroyed

70CE

4

Flavius silva, the roman governor, resolved to crush the resistance at Masada.

72CE

5

Josephus writes the Jewish antiquities

93 CE

6

Josephus writes the life of Josephus

99CE

7

The fall of Masada

73CE

8

The bar kochba revolt

132-135CE

9

Rabbi yehudah hanasi seals the Mishnah

Approx 200CE

10

Completion of the Talmud

500CE

11

Hadrian

- emperor, bar kochba revolt

- dedicate temple to Jupiter and make Judea roman

- forbade Jews from practising their religion

12

Titus

-Son of Vespasian

- destroy temple, Jews hope

-maintain temple, beautiful roman territory

13

Josephus

-Jew who converted to roman and betrayed the Jews by not committing suicidd like promised

- wrote commentaries of the history of the war from a roman (secular) perspective

14

Zealots

-All promised to commit suicide on Masada instead of being captured by the Romans

- sub group of extreme Pharisees

15

Vespasian

-66CE took over Judea(start of the revolt

- took Josephus prisoner when he found him and made him write commentaries on the war

16

Yo Janna Ben zakkai

- during the Bar kochba revolt he faked death to escape Jerusalem

- established yavneh

17

Elazar ben Yair

-Leader of the zealots

- made a speech about commuting suicide

18

Rabbi akiva

- thousands of students

- supported bar kochba

- he was originally a poor person who wanted to marry his employees daughter but first he had to study Torah

19

Bar kochba

-Leaded bar kochba revolt made some decisions Jews didn't agree with

- origanilly named shining bar kosiba(son of a lie) but rabbi akiva renamed him as bar kochba( son of a lie)

20

Rabbi yehudah hanasi

He compiled the Mishnah

Many people considered him as the mashiach

21

Shining bar yochai

Studied in a cave hiding from the romans and Hadrian.

Had a son named rabbi eliezer Ben shimon.

22

Tanaim

Rabies who wrote commentaries on the Torah in the Mishnah

Stopped when rabbi yehudah hanasi passed away and sealed the Mishnah

23

Which area did most of the Jews live

Galil

24

After the bar kochba revolt where did many Jews go

Babylon

25

Why was the oral law written down

Because rabbi yehudah feared that it would be lost

26

What was the tension between the tabbies in Israel and Babylon?

Israeli rabbis thought they were better but they Babylonians thought that if rabbi akiva could make laws out of Israel so could they

27

Masada

Zealots escaped to Masada

Elazar Ben Yair was the leader

They all ( except Josephus) commuted suicide

28

How was it a multi sided war?

Sicarii and zealots against the rest of the Jews.

29

How was the temple destroyed?

A man set it on fire with a bow and arrow( don't know if it was on purpose)