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Flashcards in Judaism Deck (20):

Who are the main founders

Abraham and Moses


What is Mitzvot

613 rules in the Torah which they try to follow as best they can whichever country they live in


Ultra-Orthodox Jews are

•Very strict in how they read the Torah
•Take it word for word and never break the rules
•Wear traditional clothing
•Live in all Jewish community's


Orthodox Jews ...

•Believe they should live their lives as close to the rules as possible
•Keep many rules of the Torah such as not working on Shabbat and men and women having different rules in a synagogue


Reform Jews ...

•Believe religion should move with the time
•Adapt rules for modern day life


Key concept: Shekinhah

•The place where God's presence rests and can be felt


Key concept: Messiah

•The anointed one who Jews believe will bring in a new age for humankind
•This will include rebuilding the Temple and bringing in an age of universal peace


Key concept: Mitzvot

•There are 613 Mitzvot
•Duties and good deeds


Key concept: Covenant

•A promise between two people or groups.
•Covenants were made between God with Noah, Abraham and Moses.


Key concept: Synagogue

•House of assembly
•Building for Jewish public prayer, study and assembly


Key concept: Kosher

•Foods that can be eaten by Jewish people.
•it is also used to refer to the purity of objects like Torah scrolls


Key concept: Torah

•The five books of Moses e.g Genesis
•The holiest books of the Tenakh


Key concept: Shabbat

•Day of rest
•Happens every week on a Friday night to Saturday


God is Creator
Practice and teachings

• On the sixth day god created humans to look after creation - Genesis
• As God gave life some believe only he can take life and so are opposed to euthanasia.
• God as creator is celebrated at festivals e.g. Rosh Hashanah and Shabbat.
• Importance of pikuach nefesh and preserving life.


God is One - Judaism is a monotheistic religion
Practice and teachings

• Thou shalt have no other God's before me - Exodus 20
• No statues in synagogues


God is Law-giver
Practice and teachings

• The Tenakh Commandments - Exodus 20:1 -15
• Orthodox Jews try to follow all of the duties but reform Jews adapt them for modern day


God is judge
Practice and teachings

• The Ten Commandmnts - Exodus 20:1-15
• At Rosh Hashanah God begins a judgement of food and bad deeds.


Nature and significance of shekinhah

•Some Jews believe the shekinhah never left the Temple and that is why Israel has a special spirituality.
•It is believed that shekinhah creates a sense of calm and peace.
•God's presence is often referred to when the Shabbat candles are lit.


Views on the Messiah

•Many Jews pray for a messianic age which they believe will be one of peace on earth, bring Jews back to Israel and restore the Temple.
•Reform believe it's important to focus on good actions of humans that bring about an age of peace
•Orthodox Jews believe that God has a date for the coming of the Messiah like. Others believe the Messiah will come when most needed.


The meaning and significance of God covenant with Abraham

•Genesis 12:1-3 -Abraham and his family were called to Canaan now calls Israel. Jews have lived there for over 3,200 years.
•God promised to bless Abraham and his family